Chapter 2 Making Ethical Decisions Flashcards Preview

Medical Law and Ethics > Chapter 2 Making Ethical Decisions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 2 Making Ethical Decisions Deck (26):
1

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

physiological, safety, love and belongingness, esteem, self actulization

2

Deficiency Needs (D-needs)

basic life, food shelter, safety, security, need to belong to be loved

3

Being Needs (B-needs)

esteem, and self actulization

4

Piaget Theory

Stage 1 sensorimotor
stage 2 pre-operational
stage 3 concrete operational
stage 4 formal operational

5

Kohlberg Thoery

Level 1 pre-conventional morality
Level 2 conventional morality
Level 3 post concentional morality

6

Consequence-oriented theory

aka theological theory Judges the rightness of a decision based on the outcome

7

Denotological duty-oriented theory

focus on the rightness or wrongness of an act not the consequence.

8

Virtue Ethics

the traits, characteristics and virtues of a moral person.

9

Alasdair Mclntyre

the past may not provide the right answer

10

7 principles of health care ethics

autonomy
beneficence
non-maleficence
confidentiality
justice
role fidelity
veracity

11

Autonomy

capacity to be ones own person

12

beneficence

promote health for the patient above any other considerations

13

non-maleficence

do no harm

14

confidentiality

keeping medical information private

15

justice

giving what is due

16

role fidelity

being faithful to the scope of practice.

17

veracity

truth telling

18

Utilitarianism

a consequence oriented theory that states that decisions should be made by determining what results will produce the best outcome for the most people

19

principle of utility

requires that the rule used in making a decision must bring about positive results when generalized to a wide variety of situations

20

categorical imperative

a rule that is considered universal law binding on everyone and requiring action

21

Physiological needs

basic life food and shelter

22

safety needs

safe and secure environment

23

love and belongingness

belong and to be loved

24

esteem

self esteem status responsibility and recognition

25

self-actualization

personal growth and fulfillment

26

needs based theory

human behavior is based on specific human needs that must be met in a specific order.