Chapter 2- Paraoral tissue Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2- Paraoral tissue Deck (80):
1

It is the lining mucosa of the oral cavity.

MUCOUS MEMBRANE

2

Two types of masticatory

1. SIMPLE
2. CUSHIONED

3

Examples of simple masticatory

GINGIVA, PALATINE RAPHE

4

Example of cushiomed masticatory

HARD PALATE

5

It is the surrounding tissue on the neck of the tooth

GINGIVA

6

Another name for EPITHELIAL ATTACHMENT

JUNCTIONAL EPITHELIUM

7

It is the tissue the merely surrounds the neck of the tooth

FREE GINGIVA

8

Triangular piece of tissue

INTERDENTAL PAPILLA

9

An example of free gingival tissue that is mobile

MARGINAL GINGIVA

10

Wrong brushing technique

HORIZONTAL

11

It is the beginning of ATTACHED GINGIVA

FREE GINGIVAL GROOVE

12

Exposed bone

BONE DEHISCENCE

13

It indicates healthy condition

STIPPLINGS

14

Shelters delicate soft tissue

LINING MUCOSA

15

Types of Lining Mucosa

1. FIRMLY ATTACHED
2. LOOSELY ATTACHED

16

Its examples are lips, cheek, tonsils...

FIRMLY ATTACHED

17

Protective lining of the more delicate sheltered area

LOOSELY ATTACHED

18

It is because of the protruding papillae

SPECIALIZED MUCOSA

19

Anterior 1/3 of toungue

MASTICATORY

20

Posterior 1/3 of tongue

LINING

21

Where is the mouth's danger zone?

LINGUAL AREA OF RETROMOLAR MUCOSA

22

Organ system like structure that performs an efficient function

PARAORAL TISSUE

23

Introduction of food in the oral cavity

INGESTION

24

Breaking of food into smaller pieces (32x)

MASTICATION

25

Identification of the flavor of foods

TASTE

26

Swallowing bolus of food

DEGLUTITION

27

It secretes fluid discharge

SALIVARY GLAND

28

Two classifications of cells on terms of number

1. UNICELLULAR
2. MULTICELLULAR

29

No change in the cytoplasm of the gland

MELOCRINE

30

Whole cells go with secretion

HOLOCRINE

31

Apical portion is retained

APOCRINE

32

Ductless

ENDOCRINE

33

Its secretion passes the ducts

EXOCRINE

34

Morphology is round

ALVEOLAR OR ACINAR

35

Morphology is tube like

TUBULAR

36

Combination of round and tube morph

TUBULOACINAR

37

It is 25-35% in size

PAROTID GLAND

38

Largest (alveolar)

STENSEN'S DUCT

39

It is 60-70% in size

SUBMANDIBULAR GLAND

40

Its size is 5% or less

SUBLINGUAL

41

This is abundant near the midline area

LABIAL GLAND

42

Continuation of labial gland

BUCCAL GLAND

43

It is the tongue proper

LINGUAL GLAND

44

Found along the isthmus

GLOSSOPALATINE GLAND

45

2 general functions of salivary gland

1. SECRETION
2. EXCRETION
3. LUBRICANT
4. CLEANSING ACTION
5. AIDS IN DEGLUTITION

46

Bacteriolysis

LYSOZOMES

47

Digestion

PTYALIN

48

Ph of saliva

5.6(alkaline)-7.6(acid)

49

Average secretion

100ml-300ml/hour

50

Salivary gland stone

SIALOLITH

51

Composition of salivary gland in percentage

99.5% water and .5% org and inorg

52

Inorganic components

SALT, ACID AND ALKALINE

53

Types of salt (inorg)

SODIUM, POTASSIUM FLUORIDE, CHLORIDE, SODIUM BICARBONATE

54

Acid and alkaline (inorg)

SODIUM PHOSPHATE, CALCIUM CARBONATE, CALCIUM PHOSPHATE

55

Types of organic

PTYALIN, MALTASE, SERUM, ALBUMIN, GLOBULIN, UREA

56

Saliva production

STIMULUS- RECEPTOR- AFFERENT- CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM- EFFERENT- EFFECTOR CELLS- DUCT

57

Another functions of paraoral tissue

DIGESTION
SPEECH
RESPIRATION
PROTECTION AMD SUPPORT

58

Teeth space of upper and lower tooth

FREE WAY SPACE

59

Part of the teeth that you can see

CLINICAL CROWN

60

In between clinical crown and gingiva

GINGIVAL MARGIN

61

Embedded on the bone socket

CLINICAL ROOT

62

It is covered by enamel

ANATOMICAL CROWN

63

Enamel junction

CEMENTO

64

Covered by cementum

ANATOMICAL ROOT

65

It happens inside bony pocket

ERUPTION

66

Another name for enamel

SUBSTANCIA ADAMANTINA OR AMELO

67

Another name for dentin

SUBSTANCIA EBURNIA

68

Another name for cementum

SUBSTAMCIA OSSEA

69

Pulp tissue

ENDODONTIUM

70

Forms body of tooth

DENTIN

71

Covers dentin

CEMENTUM

72

Located at the inner of dentin

PULP CAVITY

73

Surface of the tooth and gingival tissue

GINGIVAL CREVIS

74

Point of attachment of gingiva and neck of the tooth

JUNCTIONAL EPITHELIUM

75

End of attached gingiva

MUCOGINGIVAL JUNCTION

76

Pangingilo

GALBANIC REACTION

77

Covered by alveolar mucosa

ALVEOLAR BONE

78

Contain pulp chamber

CORONAL PULP

79

Contains root canal

RADICULAR PULP

80

Two deepest layer of vestibule

MUCOLABIAL FOLD
BUVOBUCCAL FOLD