Flashcards in Chapter 2 - Population Deck (24):
What is population density?
It is the measure of total population relative to land mass. Also called arithmetic population denisty
What is physiologic population density?
It is total population relative to agriculturally productive land
What is population distribution?
It is a description of the locations where people live
What are the stages of demographic transition?
Possible Stationary population
What is a flaw in the demographic transition model?
It doesn't take into account social change in determining birth rates (1 child policy, women's education)
What is the world birth rate?
It is the number of births per year per 1000 people
What is the world mortality rate?
It is the number of deaths per year per 1000 people
What is a population pyramid?
It is a chart that shows the percentage of people in each age group in the total population
What are expansive population policies?
They encourage population growth (Quebec paying native Quebec people to have kids)
What are eugenic population policies?
They favor one racial or cultural sector over others
What are restrictive population policies?
They prohibit large families (1 child policy)
How are population distributions mapped?
They are mapped on dot maps, where each dot represents a certain number of people
What is a megalopolis?
It is a cluster of large urban concentrations like on the American east coast (Baltimore, New York, Boston)
What is a problem with a census?
If specific populations are undercounted, the government may defund said populations
What was Malthus' theory?
That populations would quickly outgrow food production?
What was a problem with Malthus' theory?
Populations are not spatially confined to one place and globalization has changed population outgrowth
What are the four components used to calculate demographic change?
Immigration, emigration, natural death, and births
What is doubling time?
It is the time it takes for a population to double
What are some things that are influencing the lowering of TFRs?
Education, the move to urban areas, and religion
What is the stationary population level?
It is the level when populations would stabilize
What is population composition?
It is the make up of the population, including age and ethnicity
What is the difference between infant mortality and child mortality?
IMR records deaths between the ages of 0 and 1
CMR records deaths between the ages of 1 and 5
What are factors that contribute to infant mortality?
Poor sanitation, malnourishment, etc.