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Flashcards in CHAPTER 2 THE FEUDALISM SYSTEM Deck (22):
1

Feudalism

Political, economical and social system. Only Christians kingdoms.
Characteristics: 1.-Loss of power of monarch 2.-Relations based on personal loyalty. 3.-Areas of land called fiefdoms, small and self sufficient..

2

Feudal Monarchy

The monarchs governed:
1.-THE COURT. Trusted nobles who advised in govern matters.
2.-ROYAL OFFICIALS: served the monarch. Different tasks and duties. For example Chancery

3

Chancery

The royal officials recorded the decisions (in justice) of the monarch in writing, and to ensure to implement them.

4

War

The monarch summoned the hosts: Army composed of private armies, monarch, and the nobility.

5

Origins of feudalism, and characteristics

After the Carolingian Empire, Europe was raided by different peoples who sacked villages and peoples.
The monarchs ned assistance of nobles and the were rewarded dividing the land between the lords, making them landowners. A weak position of the monarch.

6

Nobles

1.-Power hereditary, and thy founded dynasties.
2.-Absolute power over the land inhabitants. They collect taxes, and hand out of the justice.

7

Fiefdom

Or manor, or fief, was an area of landowning a noble, called feudal lord. Serfs and peasants lived in the fiefdom.

8

Feudal Lord

Señor feudal: Was the landowner of a fiefdom (or manor).
1.-They had military power, and castles, and they can help and oppose to the monarch.
2.-They fought one to others, to gain mor lands.Wars, created insecurity, and people migrated from the cities to the countryside seeking their protection.
3.-They collect taxes.

9

Feudal wars

Heavy (armoured) and light cavalry (both of low nobility).
Foot soldiers (infantry, were peasants).
Mercenaries.
Armies: swords to fight near, and Bows and arrows to fight long-distance.
Strategies: Occupy and sack the lands and pillage of castles.

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VASSALAGE RELATIONSHIPS
VASSAL:

A vassal was a person who promise loyalty to someone more powerful than himself (monarch, noble), in the commendation ceremony.

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Commendation ceremony:

Vassal is knelt before the lord. He put his hands together and swore his loyalty. He promise help him, and advise him, even military aid.
The lord kissed the vassal hands and kissed them. He promise protect him.
Investiture: in some cases, the lord granted and additional privilege as a post or a fief.

12

Investiture

Is an additional act of the commendation ceremony. The lord gives and additional privilege to the vassal, such a post or a fief.

13

Knighthood ceremony

It was developed with an apprentice called squire or armor bearer, who had learnt to handle weapons and horses
1.-The future knight passed the night before meditating and praying.
2.-Next day, the lord present a sword and spurs, and the knight swore his loyalty to him.
3.-When he learn to fight he is awarded with the title of knight, in a ceremony that the noble dubbed him on the shoulder with a sword. The spurs are put on him and the sword is girded on(ceñida).

14

Bond (vínculo) of servitude

This ceremony recognized the lower vassals status, between the noble and their serfs.

15

Later developments of feudal system

Increase of the monarchs power and authority.
Trade and growth of the cities.
Peasant revolts.

16

Characteristics of the fiefdom

1.-Castle
2.-Demesne
3.-Village
4.-Tenements
5.-bridges, mills, forge, furnace.
6.-Travellers

17

Castle

Situated high place to easy defend.
Was the lord residence and their famiy, vassals (knights), and servants.
Servants: chaplain, and serfs with several duties (cooks, stable hands, etc). Head servant was the major-domo

18

Demesne

Lord´s Land cultivated by his serfs and free peasants. Forests and meadows (prados) also belonged to him.
They provided: graze (pastos), wood, wild berries, game (caza).
Deer (venados), foxes (zorros), wild boar (jabalíes) were reserved for the lord.

19

Village

Near of the castle.
Buldings:
1.-Church, made of stone.
2.-Huts made of mud (barro), wood(madera), and straw (paja). The farmers lived with their animals
3.-Taverns, to sell drink and meat.
4.-Traders stalls: where craftsmen and their apprentices work, and sell their products.

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Tenements:

Were plots (solares) of land that the lord rented to the peasants in exchange of a part of their harvest.

21

Travellers

Traders (comerciantes), beggars (mendigos), pilgrims (peregrinos), acrobats, and jongleurs (juglares).

22

Clothes

Women: long skirts, and headscaves.
Men: Short tunics and tights (mallas).
All wore hats and leather or wooden shoes.
The quality of the clothes depend of the social group or the person