CHAPTER 2 VOCAB Flashcards Preview

2019 PHYSICS fall > CHAPTER 2 VOCAB > Flashcards

Flashcards in CHAPTER 2 VOCAB Deck (32)
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1

How can I remember the relationship between time, distance and velocity?

My dog is in Vermont.Which is odd because,my dog's name is Vermont.d = VT

2

What are the three equations you can get from "My dog is in Vermont?"

1. d=vt
(then move the v then the t)
2. d/v =t
3. d/t=v

3

Why do we say motion is relative?

  You can only measure the motion of an object by relating it to another object. We are always in motion: spinning 'round the earth, 'round the sun, 'round the galaxy, and away from all other matter in the universe!!!! So we generally measure motion relative to the earth.

4

About how fast do people walk in m/s? (mph?) [km/h?]

1-2 m/s
(2-5mph) [3-6km/h]

5

About how fast do people run in m/s? (mph?) [km/h?]

4-6 m/s
(9 - 15 mph) [ 15- 20 km/h]

6

How fast is the fastest human in m/s? (mph?) [km/h?]

over 10 m/s !
(25 mph +) [35 km/h +]

7

How fast do cars travel in m/s? (mph?) [km/h?]

15 m/s backroad, 30 m/s on highway
(35 mph and 70 mph) [50-100 km/h]

8

How fast are airplanes in m/s? (mph?) [km/h?]

250+ m/s
(500+ mph) [800+km/h]

9

1 meter per second is about ______ mph and about ____ km/h

1 m/s = 2.2 mph = 3.6 km/h (about 1 m/s = 2 mph = 3 km/h)

10

What is speed?

how much distance is covered over a period of time

11

Instantaneous speed vs. average speed?

Instantaneous speed is what you see on a car's speedometer. It is the speed an object is traveling at one moment in time. The average speed is the average speed of an entire trip, the average speed over an amount of time.

12

How is velocity different from speed?

50 m/s is a speed. 50 m/s NORTH is a velocity. Velocity is speed with direction.

13

What is acceleration? give a example.

Acceleration is a CHANGE OF VELOCITY. Example: In a car you increase your speed from 30 km/h to 50 km/h over a period of 4 seconds. Your speed changed 20 km/h over a period of 4 seconds. Your ACCELERATION was (20 km/h) / (4 s) = 5 km/ h/ s. Your speed increased 5 km/h each second.

14

How can you change velocity when driving? (three ways)

Hitting the gas (speeding up), hitting the brakes (slowing down) or TURNING. A change in direction is a change in velocity.

15

When have you felt acceleration?

In a car when you speed up (pulled back), slow down (pulled forward) or turn (pulled away from turn direction).

16

What did Galileo discover at the leaning tower of Pisa?

That all objects accelerate towards earth at the same rate, regardless of the mass of the object (when you ignore air resistance).

17

What did Galileo discover from ramps and marbles?

That the distance an object travels, due to gravity, is directly related to the SQUARE of the time it travels.

18

What is the acceleration due to gravity at the earth's surface?

about 10 m/s2
(actually 9.8 m/s2)

19

If you throw a ball straight up, what is the velocity at the very top?

zero

20

If you throw a ball straight up, what is the acceleration at the very top?

10 m/s2
this acceleration is forever present at the earth's surface

21

If you drop a ball from rest, how fast is it moving after 1s ? 2s ? 5s?

final velocity = 10(time).
So... 10 m/s, 20m/s and 50m/s

22

If you drop a ball from rest, what is avg speed after 1s ? 2s ? 5s?

avg speed = (start speed + end speed) / 2
From rest we can simply say "avg speed= 5 t"
So.... 5m/s, 10m/s and 25 m/s

23

If you drop a ball from rest, how far did it go after 1s ? 2s ? 5s?

distance is always "avg velocity times time"
From rest we can say "distance = 5t2"
So, 5m, 20m, 125m

24

If you throw a ball up at 80m/s, how long till it reaches the top?

8 seconds

25

If you throw a ball up at 80m/s, what will be average speed on the way up?

(80 + 0 ) / 2 = 40 m/s

26

If you throw a ball up at 80m/s, how far up will it go?

40 m/s (8 seconds) = 320 meters

27

If you throw a ball up at 80m/s, how fast will it be going when you catch it?

80 m/s

28

If you throw a ball up at 80m/s, how long will it be in the air before you catch it?

16 seconds

29

If you are driving at 40 km/h and speed up to 60 km/h over 10 seconds, what was your acceleration?

Your speed changed 20 km/h over 10 seconds,
so (20 km/h / 10 s) = 2 km/h/s.
You increased your speed 2 km/h each second.

30

What does it mean by 10m/s2 ? Explain the "second squared" part

It is actually not really a squared second.
Think of it as "10 m/s per second."
Velocity increases by 10 m/s for every second an object falls towards earth.