Chapter 20 Land Use Controls and Development Flashcards Preview

MA RE Licenscure Exam > Chapter 20 Land Use Controls and Development > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 20 Land Use Controls and Development Deck (30)
1

police power

used to protect public health and well being.

2

enabling acts

delegate t counties and local municipalities the authority to enact ordinances in keeping with general laws.

3

comprehensive Plan

is used as a guide that tries to anticipate changing needs of local gov'ts municipalities, and counties to establish development goals.

4

Land Use

determining how much land may be proposed for residence, industry, business, agriculture, traffic, and transit facilities, utilities, community facilities, parks and rec facilities, floodplains, and areas of special hazards.

5

Housing needs

of present and anticipated residents.

6

moving people

roads, sidewalks, public trans bikeway systems

7

community facilities

librarys, schools, hospitals, rec facilities, police and fire stations, waste disposal

8

Energy conservation

to reduce energy consumption and promote the use of renewable energy sources

9

planning commission

drafts the plan for a community

10

zoning ordinances

implement the comprehensive plan and regulate and control the use of land and structures within designated land-use districts, in part by separating conflicting land uses.

11

PUD planned unit development

where land is set aside for mixed-use purposes, such as residential, commercial, and public areas.

12

buffer zones

ease the transition between areas of use. typically a strip of land separating land dedicated to one use from land dedicated to another use.

13

Bulk zoning

to control density and avoid overcrowding by imposing setbacks, building heights, and percentage of open areas

14

aesthetic zoning

specifies certain types of architecture for new buildings

15

incentive zoning

ensures that certain uses are incorporated into developments, such as requiring the street floor of an office building to house retail establishments.

16

building permit

written govt permission for the construction, alteration, or demolition or an improvement showing compliance with building codes and zoning ordinances.

17

nonconforming use

when a lot or improvement does not conform to the zoning use because it existed before the enactment or amendment of the zoning ordinance

18

conditional use permit

allows a nonconforming but related land use.

granted to a property owner to allow a special use of property that is defined as an allowable conditional use within that zone.

19

variance

to allow a use that does not meet current zoning requirements.

will provide relief if a zoning regulation deprives an owner of the reasonable use of the property.

20

building codes

set many requirements for such things as materials and standards of workmanship, sanitary equipment, electrical wiring, and fire prevention.

21

COO Certificate of Occupancy

once the completed structure has been inspected and found satisfactory, the building official will issue this certificate

22

subdivider

segments land into parcels

23

developer

constructs improvements on subdivided land

24

impact fees

charges made in advance (uses to protect local tax payers) to cover anticipated expenses involving off-site capital improvements such as expanding water and sewer facilities.

25

Plat Map

a detailed map illustrating the geographic boundaries of individual lots.

26

density zoning

restrict the average maximum number of houses per acre that may be built within a particular subdivision.

27

gross density

the average number of units in the development stays at or below the maximum density allowed.

28

Deed Restrictions

limitations to the use of property imposed by a past owner of the current owner by inclusion in the deed to the property and are binding on future grantees.

29

CC&R's

are private rules set up by the developer that establish standards for all parcels within the defined subdivision or PUD

30

interstate Land Sales Full Disclosure Act

to prevent fraudulent marketing schemes that may arise when land is sold without being seen by the purchasers.