Chapter 20: Planning & Zoning (MC) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 20: Planning & Zoning (MC) Deck (15):
1

Which statement provides the basic justification for zoning?

a. There must be regulations in place to prevent pollution.
b. The government does not want to encourage land development.
c. The inappropriate use of one property may affect the value of another.
d. Professional planners want to control development.

c. The inappropriate use of one property may affect the value of another.

2

The rationale behind government planning of real estate development is to

a. manage future real estate growth.
b. encourage more landscaping.
c. limit commercial areas.
d. maintain the character of the community.

a. manage future real estate growth.

3

How should local planning boards be selected?

a. election
b. appointment
c. lottery
d. straw poll

b. appointment

4

Professional planners are employed to

a. pass new zoning laws.
b. assist members of the planning commission.
c. inspect new construction.
d. approve zoning variances.

b. assist members of the planning commission.

5

The master plan

a. must be inflexible.
b. is prepared by the state legislature.
c. stops growth.
d. serves as a guide for an area's future growth.

d. serves as a guide for an area's future growth.

6

If a church wished to build in a residential neighborhood, it would apply for a

a. public zoning permit
b. special exception
c. variance
d. nonconforming use permit

b. special exception

7

The purpose of the zoning board of adjustment is to

a. settle monetary claims by property owners.
b. grant variances and special exceptions.
c. develop the comprehensive plan.
d. determine infrastructure requirements.

b. grant variances and special exceptions.

8

A property use that predates the current zoning ordinance but is allowed to exist for at least a period of time can best be described as

a. legally conforming
b. progressive
c. legally nonconforming
d. capitalized

c. legally nonconforming

9

Planned unit developments

a. offer fewer amenities than are possible with more traditional forms of zoning.
b. impact the environment to a greater degree than most zoning classifications.
c. prohibit the use of zero lot development.
d. are also called cluster zoning.

d. are also called cluster zoning.

10

Which statement is correct with respect to a Development of Regional Impact (DRI)?

a. A DRI is defined as any development that substantially affects the health, safety or welfare of citizens of more than one county.
b. The state of Florida has no authority concerning guidelines for development or review of Developments of Regional Impact.
c. The review process for a new Development of Regional Impact is concerned only with residential construction.
d. The federal government has no influence on local development.

a. A DRI is defined as any development that substantially affects the health, safety or welfare of citizens of more than one county.

11

Adequate infrastructure available to support growth and development was mandated by Florida's Growth Management Act and is specified in

a. DRI reviews
b. concurrency rules
c. county zoning ordinances
d. local building codes

b. concurrency rules

12

Businesses that meet payroll expense by using dollars generated by persons that live in the immediate vicinity are categorized as

a. service
b. basic
c. export
d. regenerative

a. service

13

Which industry would be considered basic when performing an economic base analysis?

a. florist shop
b. fire station
c. university
d. movie theater

c. university

14

With regard to residential properties located in a flood hazard zone with a designation of "V," which statement is correct?

a. Base-elevation requirement can be achieved by using fill dirt.
b. The structure must be on elevated construction.
c. Flood insurance is always required.
d. The probability of a flood is 1 in 500 in any given year.

b. The structure must be on elevated construction.

15

Approximately what percentage of all natural disasters are flood related?

a. 20%
b. 25%
c. 75%
d. 50%

c. 75%

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