Chapter 22 Section 1,2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 22 Section 1,2 Deck (19):
1

Scientific revolution

A new way of thinking about natural world

2

Nicolaus Copernicus

Created heliocentric theory

3

Heliocentric theory

Planets revolve around the sun

4

Johannes Kepler

After Brahe’s death in 1601, his assistant, a brilliant mathematics help to prove Copernicus was correct

5

Galileo Galilei

Italian scientists; discovered planet surface; support heliocentric theory

6

Scientific method

A logical procedure for gathering and testing ideas

7

Francis Bacon

An English politician and writer had a passionate interest in science

8

René Descartes

France; he developed analytical geometry, which linked algebra and geometry

9

Isaac Newton

English scientist; helped to bring together their breakthroughs under a single theory of motion

10

Enlightenment

The ideas of the scientific revolution paved the way for a new movement.

11

Social contract

Hobbes called this agreement, by which people created government.

12

John Locke

Philosopher, held a different, more positive, view of human nature.

13

Natural rights

According to Locke, all people are born free and equal, with life, liberty, and property.

14

Philosophes

French word word for philosophers, social critics of this period in France

15

Voltaire

He published more than 70 books of political essays, philosophy, history, fiction, and drama

16

Montesquieu

The baron de _______, devoted himself to the study of political liberty.

17

Separation of powers

Montesquieu beloved power was balanced among three groups. Executive power, carried out the laws of the state. Legislative , lawmaking. Judicial, to see which law applied to the special case

18

Jean Jacques Rousseau

Was passionately committed to individual freedom

19

Mary Wollstonecraft

Who published an essay called A Vindication of the Rights of Woman in 1792