Christian initiation is more like a process of realignment
a transformation of something that already exists
___ lay the foundations of every Christian life CCC 1212
Sacraments of initiation
what are the sacraments of initiation?
Baptism, Confirmation, and Eucharist
__ is the source of holiness and love in the church. and the bond of unity among all Christians
January 18-25 is
Christian Unity Week
unbaptized people who are preparing to receive all of the Sacraments of Christian Initiation
At Baptism we reject :
sin, evil, and Satan
the father and prince of darkness
what does sinfulness look like in our world today?
sexual promiscuity, cruelty, violence, drug abuse, atheism
where does the word “Baptism” come from, and what does it mean?
baptism comes from greek word BAPTIZEIN which means “to plunge” or “to immerse”
“In Baptism, the recipient of baptism is just that- recipient. You cannot very well do your own baptism. It is done to you, for you.”
“It is an adoption, not an interview.”
Rachel Held Evans
What does the plunging into and emersion symbolize?
being buried with Christ; when they emerge they rise up with Christ as a “new creature”
ex from bible of water bringing forth new life
in the first creation story of the book of Genesis, the spirit of God swept over the waters and brought forth life from them
in what 2 ways did Jesus teach the primacy of Baptism
jesus taught the primacy of baptism by we know that John the Baptist baptized Jesus, even though he was without sin. we also know that jesus commissioned the apostles to “make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the father, son, and hs.”
what does jesus’ baptism with water prefigure
prefigures his baptism in blood at his death on the cross
what do the 9 scripture readings proclaimed at the Easter Vigil recall for us?
they recall for us how everything in the past either prefigured or prepared people for the coming of jesus
what are the 2 other names by which the Sacrament of baptism is known?
enlightenment, washing of regeneration and renewal by HS
explain connection between Baptism and the Paschal Mystery of Jesus Christ
water from christs side alludes to baptism. His death is not the end, but a new beginning. Jesus will conquer death just as he conquered sin. He will rise again to new life
how do the ways the western church and the eastern church confer the sacrament of initiation differ?
the EC confers all 3 sacs of initiation in infancy. 3 babies become full members of the church. In the WC after infant baptism, there are years of prep preceding eucharist, penance, and a few more years prior to confirmation
name and briefly explain the 4 steps of the catechumenate process that evolved in the early church
precatechumate, catechumenate, purification enlightenment or illumination, mystagogia
evangelization and initial conversion, find sponsors
2 or 3 year study in Gospels and Church teaching, celebrate in liturgy of the Word
Purification, enlightenment, or illumination
coincides with lent, names in book of the elect, scrutinies to help examine lives for healing
“mysteries” - one week now whole Easter season the “neophyte” immerse themselves in the mysteries of Christ
Right of Christian Initiation for Adults - process by which anyone of catechetical age us initiated into the Catholic Church
T or F Infant baptisms have taken place since the earliest days of the church.
what does 1 corinthians imply regarding the Baptism of households
entire households were offered baptism and converted to Christianity and it presumes that children lived in these households
what 2 ideas account for the increase in baptisms during the 4th century
legalization of christianity so people werent scared of persecution; the doctrine of original sin became more understood through st augustine and other theologians writings
T or F Jesus said Baptism is necessary for Salvation
belief that martyrs people who die for their faith in jesus- receive forgiveness for their sins and experience Gods saving mercy is not baptized by water
baptism of blood
belief that catechumens who die before receiving Baptism receive forgiveness for the sins and experience gods saving mercy
baptism of desire
what does the church believe concerning children who die without baptism
the church entrusts them to gods mercy knowing that God desires all people to be saved
when does the baptism of adults normally take place?
during easter vigil in the presence of the assembly of faithful
8 essential elements of baptism
sign of cross, word of god, exorcisms & profession of faith, blessing of the water, essential rite of baptism, anointing with sacred chrism, receiving or clothing in a white garment and receiving of a lit candle
2 realities signified by sign of the cross
they belong to christ and reminds the person of the grace that christ won for us by his death on the cross
what happens during the essential rite of baptism
celebrant immerses each candidate in the blessed water 3x or pours water over head 3x then says I baptize you in the name of the….
what does the white robe and lit candle represent?
robe- symbol of new dignity, person is now freed from the darkness of sin and has put on christ
lit candle- christ has enlightened that person; the neophytes also have the responsibility to bring the light of christ to todays world
what 2 realities are signified by the immersion in the water of the baptized?
both death to the old way of sin as well as a new birth in the hs
t or f baptism forgives both original sin and personal sin
the sin by which the first humans disobeyed Gods commands, choosing to follow their own will rather than gods will is an essential truth of our faith
the inclination to sin
effects of original sin today?
we are inclined to sin bc Satan acquired a certain domination over us bc adams sin permanently wonded human nature. it is transmitted to all and we are born into it
t or f we all share in original sin bc it is a sin that each of us committed personally
f although we share in original sin, it is not a sin that each of us have committed personally
t or f after the fall of humankind, god abandoned the human race
f God did not abandon us
how is our fundamental identity changed once we are baptized
we become members of christ and co-heirs with him. Baptism makes us children of God and temples of the hs
“first gospel” the 1st announcement of messiah and redeemer and of his ultimate victory over sin and death an announcement of the “new Adam”
t or f the seal of eternal life granted at Baptism is permanent
in Baptism, God ____ us as his own and makes us his ___ in us. The ___ readings from the sacrament reinforce the idea that Baptism ___ us in the likeness of the Blessed ____.
claims, dwelling, Scripture, forms, Trinity
t or f the catholic church does not recognize the baptisms of other mainline christian denominations
f; they do recognize them
what reminds us of the uniqueness of each person and new life in Christ?
what is the goal of a virtuous life
is to become like God - St Gregory of Nyssa
how do we gain the theo virtues
infused into our souls to make us capable of choosing goodness over sin, right from wrong, and of meriting eternal life
diff between moral virtues and theo virtues
human/cardinal- acquired by human traits while theo are not
faith, hope, charity
prudence, justice, fortitude, and temperance
what is the virtue of hope? foundation of hope?
virtue by which we desire happiness and the kingdom of god. foundation in paschal mystery
what is the new comm? why?
“as the father loves me, so i also love you…remain in my love…this is my comm: love one another as i love you” bc love is the greatest virtue of all
what are some of the reminders the church provides as reminders of our baptism?
baptismal fonts, bless ourselves with holy water while making sign of cross, reading creation account, blessing of baptismal water and renewal of baptismal vows at easter vigil
what did Pope Benedict XVI say was the fundamental decision of our lives
called our belief in the love that God has for us the “fundamental decision of our life.”
“we shouldnt love the things of the world, but love the father first.”
1 john 2: 15-17
fallen state of human nature into which all generations are born
why jesus was baptized?
- to be example of humility
- exemplifying the idea of self emptying
mark 1 9-11
Genesis 3: 13-19
Implications of Original Sin
painful childbirth husband is master to dust you shall return work land for food proliferation of sin throughout the world
baptism by fire
understand that people can be refined and can grow through trials and hardships -
opposite of water
ensures strength for a moral life (courage)
belief in god and his teachings and bearing witness to it
hope- eternal element
trusting that god will help us meet our desires in heaven
charity aka love
we love god above all things and love our neighbors as ourselves
using our conscience to choose right in any situation
“right reason in action”
firm and constant will to give god and their neighbor their due- distinguished by habitual, right thinking
moderates attraction of pleasures, avoid excess, have honorable desires
1st order desires
rationally approve of the good
we desire good
we do the good
2nd order desires
rationally approve of good
we desire bad
we do the bad
the desire is what changes the
flows out of persons character
an act in accord with virtue
doesnt flow out of character