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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (25):
1

activity

Any work that has a beginning and an end, and requires the use of company resources includ-
ing people, time, and/or money. Examples include conducting a series of interviews, designing a
report, selecting software, waiting for the delivery of equipment, and training users. See also task.

2

best-case estimate

The most optimistic outcome.

3

bottom-up technique

A method for analyzing a large, complex project as a series of individual tasks,
called project tasks.

4

code review

See structured walk-through.

5

concurrent task

A task that can be completed at the same time as (in parallel with) another task.

6

critical path

A series of events and activities with no slack time. If any activity along the critical path
falls behind schedule, the entire project schedule is similarly delayed. As the name implies, a critical
path includes all activities that are vital to the project schedule.

7

Critical Path Method (CPM)

Shows a project as a network diagram. The activities are shown as vectors, and
the events are displayed graphically as nodes. Although CPM developed separately from the Program
Evaluation Review Technique (PERT), the two methods are essentially identical. See also PERT/CPM.

8

dependent task

A task is said to be dependent when it has to be completed in a serial sequence.

9

design review

See structured walk-through.

10

duration

The amount of time it will take to complete a task.

11

event

A reference point that marks a major occurrence. Used to monitor progress and manage a project.
See also milestone.

12

finish day/date

The day or date when a task is scheduled to be finished.

13

Gantt chart

A horizontal bar chart that illustrates a schedule. Developed many years ago by Henry L.
Gantt as a production control technique. Still are in common use today.

14

milestone

A reference point that marks a major occurrence. Used to monitor progress and manage a
project. See also event.

15

network diagram

A PERT chart also is referred to as a network diagram.

16

open source

Software that is supported by a large group of users and developers. The source code is
made freely available.

17

person-day

The amount of work that one person can complete in one day.

18

PERT/CPM

The Program Evaluation Review Technique (PERT) was developed by the U.S. Navy to
manage very complex projects, such as the construction of nuclear submarines. At approximately the
same time, the Critical Path Method (CPM) was developed by private industry to meet similar project
management needs. The important distinctions between the two methods have disappeared over time,
and today the technique is called either PERT, CPM, or PERT/CPM.

19

predecessor task

A single prior task upon which two or more concurrent tasks depend.

20

probable-case estimate

The most likely outcome is called a probable-case estimate.

21

project coordinator

The person who handles administrative responsibilities for the development team
and negotiates with users who might have conflicting requirements or want changes that would
require additional time or expense.

22

project leader

The person charged with leading a project from a technical perspective.

23

project management

The process of planning, scheduling, monitoring, controlling, and reporting upon
the development of an information system.

24

project manager

The person charged with managing a project from an administrative perspective.

25

project monitoring

Guiding, supervising, and coordinating the project team’s workload.