*Chapter 3 Packet Study Guide P.4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in *Chapter 3 Packet Study Guide P.4 Deck (75):
1

the extensor, which is located mid-forearm on the outside of the arm, performs which action

straightens the fingers and wrists

2

which of the following is Not a primary component of the nervous system

muscles

3

which of the following is true of arteries

they have thicker walls than veins

4

what part of the muscle applies to the midsection of the muscle, between the two attached sections

belly

5

the eight small bones held together by ligaments to form the wrist are called

carpals

6

the cone-shaped, muscular organ located in the chest cavity is the

heart

7

which blood cells are responsible for the clotting of blood

throbcytes

8

the orbicularis oculi closes the eyelid and circles around the

eyesocket

9

the study of structures too small to be seen without a microscope is called

microscopic anatomy

10

which body system sends and receives body messages

nervous

11

which of the following is a problem cosmetologists can develop from long periods of standing

varicose veins

12

the humerus extends from the elbow to the

shoulder

13

what is the name of the skeleton of the head that encloses and protects the brain

cranium

14

all of the following are muscle areas a cosmetologist is primarily concerned with except for the

back

15

which scalp muscle extends from the forehead to the top of the skull, and raises the eyebrows

frontials

16

which of the following is Not a primary type of tissue

skeletal tissue

17

what controls all three subsystems of the nervous system

brain

18

the intake of oxygen and exhalation of carbon dioxide by the body are functions of the

respiratory system

19

which arteries supply blood to the head, face and neck

common carotid

20

which 2 bones join to form the bridge of the nose

nasal

21

which nerves carry messages from the brain to the muscles

motor

22

the two bones of the upper jaw are called

maxillae

23

the body system that controls the body's breathing is

respiratory system

24

the muscle of the heart is called

cardiac

25

the study of the organs and systems of the body

anatomy

26

what does hemoglobin do

attracts oxygen

27

the cervical vertebrae are the bones that form the top part of the

spinal cord

28

the spongy bone found between the eyes that forms part of the nasal cavity is called

ethmoid

29

the study of functions of the organs and systems of the body is known as

physiology

30

the lower chambers of the heart include the

left and right ventricle

31

the non-moving portion of the muscle attached to bones or other fixed muscles is the

origin

32

which hand muscles separate the fingers

abductor

33

which type of tissue supports, protects and holds the body together

connective tissue

34

the mandibular nerve branch extends to the muscles of the chin and the

lower lip

35

about how many total muscles are there in the body

500

36

how many does the average human brain weight

between 44 and 48 ounces

37

which of the following is N0t a mouth muscle

trapezius

38

which of the following structures is Not an organ

feet

39

which 2 muscles in the neck and upper back draw the head back, rotate the shoulder blades and control the swinging of the arm

trapezius and latissimus dorsi

40

the system that breaks food down to either be easily absorbed by cells or to become waste products is the

digestive system

41

the sticky, salty fluid that circulates through the body bringing nourishment and oxygen to the body part is

blood

42

which 2 glands make up the integumentary system

sebaceous and sudoriferous

43

the muscle located at the corner of the mouth and draws the mouth and draws the mouth up and out as in grinning is called

risorius

44

the mixed nerve that is responsible for transmitting facial sensations to the brain and is the largest of the cranial nerves is called

trifacial nerve

45

the muscle that is located under the arm and helps in lifting the arm and in breathing in the

serratus anterior

46

the 14 bones that form the digits or fingers are called

phalanges

47

most of the cells activities take place in the

cytoplasm

48

which crucial part of the central nervous system is composed of long nerve fibers and originates in the base of the brain and extends to the base of the spine

spinal cord

49

which artery supplies the lower portion of the face, including the mouth and nose

external maxillary

50

the peripheral nervous system is composed of

sensory and motor nerves

51

the hyoid bone located in the throat is sometimes referred to as the

adams apple

52

the upper chambers of the heart include the

left and right atrium

53

the 2 sub-systems of the circulatory system are the lymph-vascular system and the

...

54

Which system regulates and controls the growth, reproduction and health of the body

endocrine system

55

bone is the hardest structure in the body and is composed of 1/3 organic matter and

...

56

the chemical process in which cells receive nutrients for cell growth and reproduction is known as

metabolism

57

which of the following descriptions is not a function of the muscular system

circulating lymph through out the body

58

what is the body's largest organ and forms a protective layer over the body

skin

59

which nervous system is responsible for all the involuntary body functions

automatic

60

neurology is the study of the

nervous sytem

61

the colorless liquid produced as a byproduct when plasma passes nourishment to capillaries and cells

lymph

62

what gets released by the salivary glands to help break down food

pharynx

63

the bone located on the little finger said of the lower arm is the

ulna

64

which system involves the heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries

cardiovascular

65

how many times per minute does the normal heart beat

60-80

66

what is the large, flat bone extending from the middle of the back upward to where it joins with the clavicle

scapula

67

what is the function of the excretory system

eliminate solid, liquid, and gaseous waste products

68

which of the following is Not a facial nerve branch

medulla oblongata

69

the muscle between the brows across the bridge of the nose that draws the brows down is the

procerus

70

the physical foundation of the body is the

skeletal system

71

the entire process of blood traveling from the heart throughout the body and back to the heart is

general circulation

72

which muscle is located between the eyebrows, drawing them in and downward

corrugator

73

what is name of the point where 2 or more bones joined together

joint

74

which phrase of metabolism involves breaking down larger molecules or substances into smaller ones

catabolism

75

a group of body structures and/or organs that together perform vital functions for the body is related to as a

system