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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Test Review Deck (20):
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Cellular support and movement

Cytoskeleton

1

Selective Permeability

Plasma membrane

2

Movement of substances through the plasma membrane in which the membrane surrounds the substance, encloses it forming a vesicle and brings it into the cell.

Endocytosis

3

Ingestion of large, solid particles with the use of pseudopodia.

Phagocytosis

4

Ingestion of tiny droplets of liquids.

Pinocytosis

5

The movement of substances out of a cell by the fusion of vesicles with the plasma membrane resulting in secretions.

Exocytosis

6

Provides support and shape; helps in movements

Microfilaments

7

Larger than microfilament, help in muscle contraction, cell shape, and cell movement.

Microtubules

8

Reinforce cells and help hold nucleus in place

Intermediate filaments

9

Near the nucleus; made of two centrioles, each containing 9 clusters of microtubules. The centrioles are always arranged at right angles. During cell division, the centrosome forms the spindle to which the chromosomes attach.

Centrosome

10

Length is short, numerous...EX: lining of the tracheas

Cilia

11

Length is long, few....EX: sper

Flagella

12

Protein synthesis

Ribosomes

13

Modifies, sorts, packages, and delivers proteins and lipids to other organelles.

Golgi complex

14

ATP production

Mitochondria

15

Group of diseases characterized by abnormal cell growth

Cancer

16

Excess tissue that develops in cancers

Tumor (neoplasm)

17

A cancerous tumor

Malignant

18

A tumor that is harmless and does not metastasize (spread)

Benign

19

A chemical agent or radiation that produces cancer
EX: tar in cigarettes, UV light, X-rays, radian

Carcinogen