Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (40):
What was the main economic activity in all colonies?
What is subsistence farming?
Farms that produce enough food with little to no food left over to sell
What is commercial agriculture?
Farming to sell commercially to the public
Why did New England farmers practice subsistence farming?
Because they have long winters and hard,rocky soil
What were the two main industries of the New England colonies?
Shipbuilding and Fishing
What is the triangular trade?
Trade routes that went around in a triangular pattern
What were the main items traded in the Triangular Trade?
Sugar Cane and Molasses from West Indies to New England
Molasses turned into Rum from New England to West Africa and Europe
Rum for Slaves from West Africa to West Indies
What was the name of the slave transporting leg of the Triangular Trade?
The Middle Passage
Where was the hub of the shipping trade in America?
What is a cash crop?
A crop that can be sold easily in a market
What were the two main cash crops of the Middle Colonies?
Wheat and Oates
Which colonial region was known for its diverse population of German and Scotch-Irish citizens?
The Middle Colonies
What was the main cash crop in Virginia and Maryland?
What was the main cash crop in Georgia and South Carolina?
What did rice and tobacco have in common (why slaves were used to harvest them)?
They were both labor intensive crops
What is supply and demand?
The way prices go up and down in an economy due to the supply of the product and how high the demand is
What is the region of the Southern colonies where the plantations resided?
The Tidewater Area
What were the strict rules governing the behavior and punishment of slaves in the colonies?
The Slave Code
How did England view the colonies economically?
As an Economic Resource
How do you make money on trade?
You must export more then you import
What were the Navigation Acts?
Laws to restrict trade and ensure they made money
What established a limited government in the 13th century and inspired the US Constitution?
The Magma Carta
Who was allowed to vote in the mid 1700’s in the colonies?
White Men who owned land
What was the religious revival that swept through the colonies?
The Great Awakening
What was the Enlightenment?
The belief that knowledge, science, and reason could improve society
What was the name of the book Benjamin Franklin wrote after being inspired by the Enlightenment?
Poor Richards Almanack
Who was the newspaper publisher that was charged with a crime for accusing the governor of New York of being corrupt?
John Peter Zenger
Where is the land area that the British and French fought over because of the fur trade?
The Ohio River Valley
What was the most powerful group of Native Americans in the East?
Who was sent to tell the French to leave the Ohio River Valley and struck the first blow against the French?
What is a militia?
A group of citizens trained to fight in emergencies
What did the Albany Plan of Union want to do?
They wanted to combine the 13 colonies for one general government
What was the name of the political cartoon that encouraged the colonies to approve the Albany Plan of Union?
Join or Die
What was the name of the war between the French and British in Europe?
Seven Years War
What is the name of the fort that the Cherokee burned down in modern day Tennessee?
Who oversaw the colonial war effort in London and was the cause of the British turnaround?
What was the most important victory for the British in the F&I War?
The Battle of Quebec, New France's Capital
What did the Treaty of Paris 1763 do?
It ended the F&I war and was the end of power for the French
Who was the Ottawa chief who believed the British were threatening their way of life?