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Flashcards in chapter 4 Deck (13):
1

fiber is considered a ______

polysaccharide

2

name the major monosaccharide found in the body

glucose

3

Which of the following are NOT a good source of viscous fiber?
oats
oranges
cheese
bananas

cheese

4

name the long, straight-chain type of starch that makes up about 20% of digestible starch

amylose

5

rank each of the following foods based on carbohydrate content, from highest (top) to lowest (bottom)
fat-free milk 1 cup
egg 1 large
baked potato 1 meduim

1. baked potato, 1 medium
2. fat-free milk, 1 cup
3, egg, 1 large

6

a high-_____ dietary pattern is cleary associated with development of dental caries
carbohydrates
protein
lipids

carbohydrates

7

which monosaccharides are components of the milk sugar lactose? select 2
fructose
sucrose
glucose
galactose

glucose
galactose

8

________, or malt sugar, has 2 glucose molecules bonded together

maltose

9

starch

a carbohydrate made of multiple units of glucose attached together in a form the body can digest

10

insulin

decreases blood glucose

11

glucagon

increases blood glucose

12

when bacteria in the mouth break down _____, they produce acids that dissolve tooth enamel, leading to dental caries.

carbohydrates

13

what conditions may be present in a person with metabolic syndrome?

low HDL cholesterol
large waist circumference
high fasting glucose
high blood pressure
high triglycerides