Chapter 4 and 5 - NPAG Flashcards Preview

Health > Chapter 4 and 5 - NPAG > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 4 and 5 - NPAG Deck (22):
1

Saturated

Main function: liver increases the LDL cholesterol
Food Source: milk, cream, biscuits
Effects with deficiency: a low diet reduced the risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes.

2

Fibre

Main function: regulate the functioning of the digestive system
Food source: Bran, cereal, baked beans
Effects of deficiency: increased risk of cholesterol cancer. Low intake can cause overeating, leading to obesity.

3

Calcium

Main function: Hardening agent of the bones and teeth
Food sources: Soy milk, sardines, spinach
Effects of deficiency: Result in week bones which causes osteoporosis

4

Trans Fats

Main Function: Raises LDL decreases HDL
Food sources:Pie, pastries
Effects of deficiency: Low intake helps increase HDL and lower LDL

5

Carbohydrates

The individual will experience an increase in weight, used a fuel for energy.
Maintaining adequate intake reduce risk conditions

6

Monounsaturated

High consumption will lead to weight gain and obesity
These fats can decrease the impact of impaired glucose levels.

7

Sodium

Plays a pivotal role in the regulation of fluids in the body
Cheese, olives, table salt
Ensures the body is healthy and decreases the chance of hypertension

8

Polyunsaturated

Main Function: Assist in lowering low density lipoproteins
Food Sources: Nuts Canola Oil
Effects with Deficiency: Low consumption can lead to an increased level of low density lipoproteins

9

What are the NHPAS and health programs for each?

-Obesity, Stephanie Alexander kitchen garden foundation
-Dementia, living with memory loss program
-Cancer Control, Movember foundation
-Diabetes Mellitus, live lighter campaign
-Asthma, asthma friendly schools
-Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Conditions, arthritis Australia strategy
-Injury prevention and control, the national binge drinking strategy
-Mental health, kidsmatter
-Cardiovascular disease heart foundation tick of approval

10

Water

Makes up 55-75% of our body mass
Water, watermelon, lettuce
Low consumption will lead to dehydration which effects energy levels.

11

Direct cost

Cost associated with the prevention , diagnosis and treatment of disease and disability

12

Indirect cost

Costs not directly related to the diagnosis, but occurs as a result of the person having the disease

13

Intangible costs

Things that cannot be measured physically with momentary measures, such as pain.

14

Direct to the individual

-ambulance transport
-diagnosis tests
-pharmaceuticals

15

Direct to the community

Are the costs associated with implementing health strategies, diagnosing and treating the condition, but which are paid for by the community.

16

Indirect to community

-lost productivity
-social security payments
-lost taxation revenues

17

Intangible to the individual

-pain and suffering

18

Intangible to the community

-loss of participation
-emotional impacts

19

Indirect to the individual

-loss of income
-paying for a house keeper
-employing people to do house work

19

Indirect to community

-lost productivity
-social security payments
-lost taxation revenues

20

Intangible to the individual

-pain and suffering

21

Intangible to the community

-loss of participation
-emotional impacts