Flashcards in Chapter 4 Terminology Deck (14):
The basic vertical subdivision of an excavation square; used only when easily recognizable "natural" strata are lacking and when natural strata are more than 10 cm thick.
The relationship of an artifact, ecofact, or feature to other artifacts, ecofacts, features and geologic strata in a site.
The zero point, a fixed reference used to keep control on a dig; usually controls both the vertical and horizontal dimensions of provenience.
The use of fluid suspension to recover tiny burned plant remains and bone fragments from archaeological sites.
From Latin, meaning "in position"; the place where an artifact, ecofact, or feature was found during excavating or survey.
A distinct buried surface on which people lived.
The hand - sorting of processed bulk soil samples for minute artifacts and ecofacts.
A vertical subdivision of an excavation square that is based on natural breaks in the sediments (in terms of color,grain size, hardness, or other characteristics).
A geologic period from 2 million to 10 thousand years ago, which characterized by multiple periods of extensive glaciation (παγετώνες).
An artifact's location relative to a system of spatial (χωρικά) data collection.
More or less homogenous or gradational material, visually separable from other levels by a discrete change in the character of the material - texture, compactness, color, rock, organic content - and/or by a sharp break in the nature of deposition (εκθρόνιση).
A small initial excavation to determine a site's potential for answering a research question.
A device that uses a beam of light bounce off a prism to determine an artifact's provenience; it is accurate to +/- 3 millimeters.