Flashcards in Chapter 4 Vocabulary Quiz Deck (20):
This process occurs in prokaryotes (bacteria and Archaea)It is a less complicated means by which the cells divide
A tumor in which the cells begin dividing at an uncontrolled rate and can become invasive (affect the organism)
Glucose plus oxygen reacts to form carbon dioxide plus water
This is the main pigment used in photosynthesis that gives plants there green color. It is found within the chloroplasts.
In a eukaryotic cell it is one of the structures in the nucleus that are made up of DNA and protein. In a prokaryotic cell, it is the main ring of DNA.
The breakdown of food without the use of oxygen.
This is one type of deathly skin cancer. Wear that sunscreen!
This process occurs in eukaryotes. It is the process of cellular division that forms two new nuclei each of which has the same number of chromosomes.
Carbon dioxide plus water combines with light to form sugar and oxygen
Adenosine triphosphate is the molecule that is freed during the process of cellular respiration. Molecules of this supply readily available energy fuels cells activities such as growth
The division of the cytoplasm of a cell
The lifecycle of a cell. It includes interfase, mitosis, and cytokinesis
Cytokinesis, the cell divides resulting in these two identical cells
A major difference between cell division of animal and plant cells. Implant algae and fungi cell division, this forms between the two daughter cells during cytokinesis. This is where the new cell wall will form
The longest portion of the cell cycle in which the cell replicates it's chromosomes they start to become sister chromatids) and organelles
This term pertains to the proteins that control the go and stop of the cells lifecycle. If they are not functioning properly, rapid cell growth may occur (cancer)
This phase of mitosis in which the paired (or sister) chromatids are separated and pulled (by the centrioles) two opposite sides of the cell
A phase of mitosis in which the nuclear membrane dissolves in the sister chromatids a line in the middle of the cell (the cells equator).
Phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes condense are thinking to become rodlike structures