Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (75):
What is the racial name for white?
What is the racial name for black?
What is the racial name for Asian?
A social construction based on outward physical traits assumed to be differences in physical and intellectual capabilities as well as values, beliefs and attitudes is called _____.
This is distinguished by national origin or distinctive cultural patterns.
Groups develop their own sets of values, beliefs and ____.
Groups develop their own history of interactions with ____ culture
Groups adapt to regional _______ conditions
This is when each member has an obligation to the whole society and places common good over individual needs.
This Refers to kinship group, there is a strong obligation to place the fulfillment of family roles over fulfillment of both individual and community needs.
This is a strong belief is that male members of society have more authority and decision making power and that boys are more valuable than girls
This is an adaptation by an ethnic group to the cultural patterns of the dominant or majority group, i.e. dress, language, beliefs, values.
This is the entry of an ethnic groups members into close or primary relationship with members of the dominate group
Extreme cold environmental conditions are with which group?
Sand/heat environmental conditions are with which group?
Transient environmental conditions are with which group?
Whats the last environmental condition?
Negative impressions and bias toward members of a minority group is known as ____.
Negative and exclusionary behaviors is called ____.
Factors affecting acceptance of different ethnicity and race can lead to ____ ____.
Taken from country of origin, tribal/communal traditions abandoned, no rights, disruption of cultural patterns, relationships, slavery is known as _____.
Africa to America
Freedom, legalized and recorded marriages, extreme poverty, discrimination, females were established as the major productive and dependable family element. Emancipation Proclamation essential. This is known as ___.
Slavery to Emancipation
Industrialization, employment, education are under what?
Rural/Southern to Urban/Northern
What historically rate is double of white adults, ex. 2007 3.3% Whites 6.2 Blacks ?
Although substantial gains over past 50 years, continue to have lower ____ to other races, such as White, Asian, Hispanic
Increasing %’s of completing High School and College
When socioeconomically stable, more stable ____.
One where the female is the dominant member, i.e. mother, grandmother
They tend to be more middle-class or higher income working class families
Spanish American, Latino and Hispanic are terms to describe this community
Mexican American, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Dominican, Central and South American and “other” are called ___.
Came to America for employment, freedom, education, religion, “_____"
Strong “_____”, family responsibility, marriage, child rearing, changes with acculturation to American way of life, leaving behind familial practices
Godparents seen as important in child’s life and upbringing
Compadres and Comadres
Household is male led, wife to be subservient to his and children's’ needs
Equates with authority, strength and sexual virility and prowess
Respect for mothers as sacred and recognition that mothers are the focal point of family life
A Mexican American
Migration in early 1900’s due to Mexican Revolution and unsettled economic conditions in Mexico.
These are guest workers”, term “migrant” is often used to describe this population. Instrumental for agricultural and lower salaried workers, after work was completed, they would be sent back to Mexico by employers.
High level of vulnerability, lack of employment, risk in personal and family lives because lack of identity and protection of state
single family households,
low registration for voting and participation in policy making, and lowest rate of poverty among Cuban are factors for _____.
Hispanic/American families place strong value on familism and patriarchy and display high levels of involvement with Catholic Church
Idealized notion of Hispanic American extended family no longer applies due to high levels of economic stress and poverty.
The transition from traditionalism to acculturation in
Hispanic/American families often _____ grandchildren
from grandparents, changing culture in family life.
This group of people include populations from over 29 countries and 20 Pacific Island cultures
Chinese, Filipino, Asian Indian, Vietnamese, Korean, Japanese, and other Asian are ____
Most identifiable groups
Native Hawaiians, Samoan, Guamanian, Pacific Islanders are known as ___.
Chinese were the ____ Asian culture to move to America. Based upon labor for mines and railroads.
During ____, suspicion of Japanese increased with involvement of Japan. They were displaced in interment camps until after war.
Following Vietnam War, influx of refugees escaping ____ and poor living conditions.
More difficulty with ______ due to high levels of familial responsibility and patriarchy
For asians Higher levels of education per capita, large focus on _____, higher education and professional positions
Large populations tend to migrate in communal communities and continue ____ roles, respect for elders, etc
Lower levels of _____ than any other minority group
Highest rate of married couples, 80% in 2006, higher than all other groups.
Two parent households are dominant.
Divorce rates are low and strong kinship relationships are prevalent.
Expectations of speaking native language, patriarchal authority, role expectations for wife/children and heavy emphasis on childhood obedience and loyalty to parents.
Referred to as “Indians” for over 500 years.
100’s of distinct tribes or nations, largest tribes included Cherokee, Navajo, Sioux, Chippewa, Choctaw, Pueblo, Apache, Iroquois, and many more
Dominated by European Influence
Disease, destroy languages, customs, traditions, dress, religion and occupations
1. Federal franchising of tribal lands to Christian denominations for proselytizing and sectarian “social work”
2. Imposed education designed to separate children from families and instill non native values
3. Federal efforts to break up tribal landholdings and turn Native Americans into landowners and impose tax on them this was done to and by?
Developed Reservations as established by treaty, statue, or court order. Trust lands were established for particular tribes and are held in trust by federal government.
Life expectancy shorter than other minorities, average median age is 30 and life expectancy is 50, while average life expectancy for whites is 75.
Education: High dropout rate, low post high school education.
Housing: Urban Institute reports that ____ _____ have the poorest quality housing in U.S.
Income: Lowest family median income with large proportion of men/women regulated to unskilled employment.
58% of all ____ ____ households were comprised of married couples
Kinship ties are of high importance, tribal lineage
Division of household labor appears to be more egalitarian
Elders play large role in family, respected, involved in training of children, passing of cultural heritage.
Teaching includes high emphasis of living in harmony with nature and having respect for land