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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (75):
1

What is the racial name for white?

Caucasoid

2

What is the racial name for black?

Negroid

3

What is the racial name for Asian?

Mongoloid

4

A social construction based on outward physical traits assumed to be differences in physical and intellectual capabilities as well as values, beliefs and attitudes is called _____.

Race

5

This is distinguished by national origin or distinctive cultural patterns.

Ethnicity

6

Groups develop their own sets of values, beliefs and ____.

Perspectives

7

Groups develop their own history of interactions with ____ culture

Dominant

8

Groups adapt to regional _______ conditions

Enviornmental

9

This is when each member has an obligation to the whole society and places common good over individual needs.

Collectivism/Communalism

10

This Refers to kinship group, there is a strong obligation to place the fulfillment of family roles over fulfillment of both individual and community needs.

Familism

11

This is a strong belief is that male members of society have more authority and decision making power and that boys are more valuable than girls

Patriarchy

12

This is an adaptation by an ethnic group to the cultural patterns of the dominant or majority group, i.e. dress, language, beliefs, values.

Acculturation

13

This is the entry of an ethnic groups members into close or primary relationship with members of the dominate group

Assimilation

14

Extreme cold environmental conditions are with which group?

North/South Pole

15

Sand/heat environmental conditions are with which group?

Middle East

16

Transient environmental conditions are with which group?

Nomads

17

Whats the last environmental condition?

Tropical Islands

18

Negative impressions and bias toward members of a minority group is known as ____.

Prejudice

19

Negative and exclusionary behaviors is called ____.

Discrimination

20

Factors affecting acceptance of different ethnicity and race can lead to ____ ____.

Residential segregation

21

Taken from country of origin, tribal/communal traditions abandoned, no rights, disruption of cultural patterns, relationships, slavery is known as _____.

Africa to America

22

Freedom, legalized and recorded marriages, extreme poverty, discrimination, females were established as the major productive and dependable family element. Emancipation Proclamation essential. This is known as ___.

Slavery to Emancipation

23

Industrialization, employment, education are under what?

Rural/Southern to Urban/Northern

24

What historically rate is double of white adults, ex. 2007 3.3% Whites 6.2 Blacks ?

Employment

25

Although substantial gains over past 50 years, continue to have lower ____ to other races, such as White, Asian, Hispanic

Incomes

26

Increasing %’s of completing High School and College

Education

27

When socioeconomically stable, more stable ____.

Marriage

28

One where the female is the dominant member, i.e. mother, grandmother

Matricentric

29

They tend to be more middle-class or higher income working class families

Married couples

30

Spanish American, Latino and Hispanic are terms to describe this community

Spanish Speaking

31

Mexican American, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Dominican, Central and South American and “other” are called ___.

Hispanic Americans

32

Came to America for employment, freedom, education, religion, “_____"

Better life

33

Strong “_____”, family responsibility, marriage, child rearing, changes with acculturation to American way of life, leaving behind familial practices

Familism

34

Godparents seen as important in child’s life and upbringing

Compadres and Comadres

35

Household is male led, wife to be subservient to his and children's’ needs

Patriarchy

36

Equates with authority, strength and sexual virility and prowess

Machismo

37

Respect for mothers as sacred and recognition that mothers are the focal point of family life

Marianism

38

A Mexican American

Chicanos

39

Migration in early 1900’s due to Mexican Revolution and unsettled economic conditions in Mexico.

Legal Immigrants

40

These are guest workers”, term “migrant” is often used to describe this population. Instrumental for agricultural and lower salaried workers, after work was completed, they would be sent back to Mexico by employers.

Braceros

41

High level of vulnerability, lack of employment, risk in personal and family lives because lack of identity and protection of state

Undocumented Immigrants

42

Geographic concentration,
single family households,
low registration for voting and participation in policy making, and lowest rate of poverty among Cuban are factors for _____.

Poverty

43

Hispanic/American families place strong value on familism and patriarchy and display high levels of involvement with Catholic Church

Superintegration hypothesis

44

Idealized notion of Hispanic American extended family no longer applies due to high levels of economic stress and poverty.

Disintegration Hypothesis

45

The transition from traditionalism to acculturation in
Hispanic/American families often _____ grandchildren
from grandparents, changing culture in family life.

Alienates

46

This group of people include populations from over 29 countries and 20 Pacific Island cultures

Asian

47

Chinese, Filipino, Asian Indian, Vietnamese, Korean, Japanese, and other Asian are ____

Most identifiable groups

48

Native Hawaiians, Samoan, Guamanian, Pacific Islanders are known as ___.

Pacific Islanders

49

Chinese were the ____ Asian culture to move to America. Based upon labor for mines and railroads.

First

50

During ____, suspicion of Japanese increased with involvement of Japan. They were displaced in interment camps until after war.

WWII

51

Following Vietnam War, influx of refugees escaping ____ and poor living conditions.

Persecution

52

More difficulty with ______ due to high levels of familial responsibility and patriarchy

Assimilation

53

For asians Higher levels of education per capita, large focus on _____, higher education and professional positions

Education

54

Large populations tend to migrate in communal communities and continue ____ roles, respect for elders, etc

Traditional

55

Lower levels of _____ than any other minority group

Poverty

56

Highest rate of married couples, 80% in 2006, higher than all other groups.

Asians

57

Two parent households are dominant.

Asians

58

Divorce rates are low and strong kinship relationships are prevalent.

Asians

59

Expectations of speaking native language, patriarchal authority, role expectations for wife/children and heavy emphasis on childhood obedience and loyalty to parents.

Asians

60

Referred to as “Indians” for over 500 years.

Native American

61

100’s of distinct tribes or nations, largest tribes included Cherokee, Navajo, Sioux, Chippewa, Choctaw, Pueblo, Apache, Iroquois, and many more

Native Americans

62

Dominated by European Influence

Native Americans

63

Disease, destroy languages, customs, traditions, dress, religion and occupations

Native Americans

64

1. Federal franchising of tribal lands to Christian denominations for proselytizing and sectarian “social work”
2. Imposed education designed to separate children from families and instill non native values
3. Federal efforts to break up tribal landholdings and turn Native Americans into landowners and impose tax on them this was done to and by?

Native Americans
Europeans

65

Developed Reservations as established by treaty, statue, or court order. Trust lands were established for particular tribes and are held in trust by federal government.

Native Americans

66

Life expectancy shorter than other minorities, average median age is 30 and life expectancy is 50, while average life expectancy for whites is 75.

Native Americans

67

Education: High dropout rate, low post high school education.

Native Americans

68

Housing: Urban Institute reports that ____ _____ have the poorest quality housing in U.S.

Native Americans

69

Income: Lowest family median income with large proportion of men/women regulated to unskilled employment.

Native Americans

70

58% of all ____ ____ households were comprised of married couples

Native American

71

Kinship ties are of high importance, tribal lineage

Native American

72

Division of household labor appears to be more egalitarian

Native American

73

Elders play large role in family, respected, involved in training of children, passing of cultural heritage.

Native American

74

Teaching includes high emphasis of living in harmony with nature and having respect for land

Native American

75

Interracial marriage common.

Native Americans