Chapter 5 Other stuff Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Other stuff Deck (41):
1

(Direct Object Pronoun) (Singular)
Me

Me

2

(Direct Object Pronoun) (Singular)
you (fam.)

te

3

(Direct Object Pronoun) (Singular)
you (m., form.)
him; it (m.)

lo

4

(Direct Object Pronoun) (Singular)
you (f., form.)
her; it (f.)

la

5

(Direct Object Pronoun) (Plural)
us

nos

6

(Direct Object Pronoun) (Plural)
you (m., form.)
them (m.)

los

7

(Direct Object Pronoun) (Plural)
you (f., form.)
them (f.)

las

8

talking, speaking

hablando

9

eating

comiendo

10

writing

escribiendo

11

reading

leyendo

12

hearing

oyendo

13

bringing

trayendo

14

preferring

prefiriendo

15

getting

consiguiendo

16

sleeping

durmiendo

17

playing

jugando

18

listening

escuchando

19

fishing

pascando

20

Present Participle for Regular -ar, -er, and -ir Verbs.

-ar = -ando
-er = -iendo
-ir = -iendo

21

Present Participle for -er and -ir whose stem ends with vowel

-yendo
(ex, leyendo)

22

to be in a good mood

estar de buen humor

23

to be in a bad mood

estar de mal humor

24

(Irregular Present Progressive)

ir

yendo = going

25

Regular Present Progressive Changes

-ar = ando
-er = iendo
-ir = iendo

26

(Irregular Present Progressive)

poder

pudiendo = being able, can

27

(Irregular Present Progressive)

venir

viniendo = coming

28

(Present Progressive -ir Stem-changing Verb)

preferir

prefiriendo = preferring

29

(Present Progressive -ir Stem-changing Verb)

sentir

sintiendo = feeling

30

(Present Progressive -ir Stem-changing Verb)

conseguir

consiguiendo = getting

31

(Present Progressive -ir Stem-changing Verb)

pedir

pidiendo = asking

32

(Present Progressive -ir Stem-changing Verb)

seguir

siguiendo = following

33

(Present Progressive -ir Stem-changing Verb)

dormir

durmiendo = sleeping

34

present participle when the stem of a word ends in a vowel

-yendo

35

Uses of SER are...

1) Nationality and place of origin
2) Profession or occupation
3) Characteristics of people and things
4) Generalizations ex. Es fabuloso viajar!
5) Possession
6) What something is made of
7) Time and date
8) Where or when an event takes place

36

When is DE usually used after SER?

For origin, possession, and for what something is made of.

37

Uses of ESTAR are...

1) Location or spatial relationship
2) Health
3) Physical states and conditions ex. La puerta está abierta
4) Emotional states
5) Certain weather expressions
6) Ongoing actions (progressive tenses)

38

When the meaning of an adjective is changed by SER and ESTAR what is happening.

SER describes the general observations about the inherant qualities of someone or something, where as ESTAR describes conditions that are variable.

39

What question does the direct object answer?

What or whom

40

when a direct object is a person what comes before it

"a"

41

For me, direct object pronouns will always appear where?

Before conjugated verbs, present progressive, and infinitive constructions (ex. Las van a escribir.)