Chapter 5 Vocab. Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Vocab. Deck (27)
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1
Q

The passage of a substance through a cell membrane

A

Transport

2
Q

Occurs when a substance passes through the cell membrane without needing any energy to pass through

A

Passive Transport

3
Q

The number of particles of a substance in a given volume

A

Concentration

4
Q

Is known as moving down the concentration gradient

A

Diffusion

5
Q

Occurs when a substance diffuses through a cell membrane without any help from other molecules

A

Simple diffusion

6
Q

When very large molecules can’t pass through the cell membrane and they need help to pass through what help is provided by proteins

A

Transport proteins

7
Q

The process of molecules that need help to get through the membrane

A

Facilitated diffusion

8
Q

The special case of the diffusion of water

A

Osmosis

9
Q

Occurs when a substance passes through the cell membrane with the help of extra energy

A

Active transport

10
Q

Substances that are too big to be pumped across the cell membrane that can leave or enter the cell by…

A

Vesicle transport

11
Q

A simple carbohydrate with the chemical formula C6H12O6

A

Glucose

12
Q

Process in which glucose is made using energy in light

A

Photosynthesis

13
Q

Living things that make glucose

A

Autotrophs

14
Q

Living things that obtain glucose by eating autotrophs

A

Heterotrophs

15
Q

A type of plastic or plant organelle

A

Chlorophast

16
Q

Green pigment

A

Chlorophyll

17
Q

Stacks of flattened sacs of membrane

A

Thylakoids

18
Q

The space surrounding thylakoids

A

Stoma

19
Q

Occur in the first stage of photosynthesis

A

Light reactions

20
Q

Occurs in the second stage of photosynthesis

A

Calvin cycle

21
Q

The process in which cells break down glucose, released the stored energy, and use the energy to make ATP.

A

Cellular respiration

22
Q

The first stage of cellular respiration.

A

Glycolysis

23
Q

Anything that doesn’t need oxygen

A

Anaerobic

24
Q

The second stage of cellular respiration

A

Krebs cycle

25
Q

Anything that NEEDS oxygen

A

Aerobic

26
Q

The third and final stage of cellular respiration

A

Electron transport

27
Q

When organisms can produce ATP from glucose anaerobically

A

Fermentation