chapter 59-65 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in chapter 59-65 Deck (220):
1

nebulous

vague

2

nefarious

evil

3

neologism

new word or phrase

4

nihilism

believe there is no value in the universe

5

nominal

insignificant

6

noxious

harmful

7

obfuscate

to darken, to confuse, to make muddy

8

oblique

indirect

9

obsequious

subservient, sucking up to

10

officious

annoyingly assertive; annoyingly eager to help

11

onerous

burdensome, oppressive

12

opaque

impossible to see through

13

ostensible

apparent on the surface

14

palliate

to alleviate

15

paltry

insignificant

16

panacea

something that cures everything

17

paradigm

a model or example

18

parochial

narrow and confined in point of view

19

patent

obvious

20

pathology

the science of disease

21

patrician

aristocrat

22

patronize

to treat as inferior gently

23

paucity

scarcity

24

peccadillo

minor offense

25

pedantic

boringly scholarly

26

pedestrian

boring, (lives)

27

pejorative

negative

28

penchant

a strong liking for something

29

penitent

sorry; contrite

30

pensive

thoughtful and sad

31

peremptory

dictatorial

32

perennial

continual

33

perfidy

untrustworthiness

34

perfunctory

careless, unenthusiastic

35

peripatetic

traveling continually

36

perjury

lying under oath

37

pernicious

deadly

38

perquisite

perk

39

pertinent

relevant

40

perturb

to disturb

41

peruse

to read carefully

42

pervade

to spread throughout

43

petulant

cranky, ill-tempered

44

philanthropy

love of mankind

45

philistine

hostile and ignorant to culture and art

46

pious

devout; hypocritical

47

placate

to pacify

48

plaintive

expressing sadness or sorrow

49

platitude

cliche

50

plebeian

low-class

51

plethora

an excess

52

poignant

strong and sharp emotionally or intellectually

53

polemic

strong written attack

54

ponderous

massive, large

55

portent

an omen

56

postulate

accepted truth

57

pragmatic

practical

58

precept

a rule to live by

59

precipitate

to cause to happen abruptly

60

precipitous

steep

61

preclude

to prevent something from happening

62

precursor

forerunner

63

predilection

natural preference

64

preeminent

better than anyone else

65

preempt

to seize something by prior right, to prevent something from happening

66

remise

an assumption

67

prepossess

to preoccupy

68

prerogative

a right or privilege

69

prodigal

wastefully extravagant

70

prodigious

extraordinarily enormous

71

prodigy

talented child

72

profess

false declared

73

proficient

thoroughly competent

74

profligate

extravagantly wasteful

75

profuse

flowing, a lot

76

proliferate

to spread or grow rapidly

77

prolific

productive

78

ramification

consequence branching out

79

rancor

bitter resentment

80

rapacious

greedy, avaricious

81

rebuke

to criticize sharply

82

rebut

to counter

83

recalcitrant

defiant, disobedient

84

recant

to take something back, especially heretical views

85

reciprocal

mutual

86

reclusive

withdrawn from society

87

recondite

hard to understand

88

recrimination

a bitter counteraccusation

89

redolent

smell, reminiscent

90

redundant

unnecessarily repetitive

91

relegate

to send away, to demote

92

remonstrate

to object

93

renounce

to resign

94

repercussion

consequence

95

replete

completely filled

96

reprehensible

worthy of severe blame or censure

97

reprisal

a military action taken in revenge

98

reproach

to scold

99

reprove

to criticize mildly

100

repudiate

to reject

101

requisite

necessary

102

resolute

determined

103

respite

rest

104

reticent

untalkative

105

rhetoric

formal speaking

106

rogue

a playfully mischievous person

107

rudimentary

basic

108

ruminate

to ponder

109

rustic

rural

110

saccharine

sweet

111

sacrilege

not sacred

112

scintillate

to sparkle

113

scrupulous

careful

114

sedition

treason

115

sequester

to isolate; to isolate oneself

116

serendipity

happy accident

117

servile

submissive

118

sinister

ominously evil

119

slander

to falsely defame

120

sloth

laziness

121

sobriety

sober, seriousness

122

solicitous

concerned; eager and anxious to do something

123

solvent

not broke

124

soporific

sleep inducing

125

sordid

vile, filthy

126

spawn

to produce a large number

127

specious

deceptively attractive but wrong

128

spurious

false

129

squalor

filth

130

stagnation

motionlessness

131

staunch

steadfastly committed (staunch supporter)

132

stigmatize

to brand with disgrace

133

stipulate

to demand and specify a requirement(stipulate certain conditions in their marriage)

134

stoic

enduring pain without showing, tough

135

stratum

a level

136

stricture

restriction

137

stringent

strict

138

stymie

to get in the way of

139

subjugate

to dominate

140

strife

conflict

141

substantive

firm reality so having important (substantive evidence)

142

subversive

insurgent

143

succinct

brief and to the point

144

supercilious

haughty; patronizing

145

superficial

on te surface

146

superfluous

extra, unnecessary

147

surfeit

excess

148

surreptitious

sneaky

149

surrogate

substitute

150

sycophant

one who sucks up to others

151

tacit

implied

152

taciturn

untalkative

153

tangential

not very related or relevant

154

tangible

palpable

155

tantamount

equivalent to

156

tautological

redundant; circular

157

temerity

excessive boldness, audacity

158

temperate

moderate, self restraint

159

tenable

defensible

160

tenacious

persistent

161

tenet

a shared belief

162

tentative

uncertain; hesitant

163

tenuous

films; extremely thin

164

terse

succinct

165

theology

the study of God

166

tirade

a prolonged, bitter speech

167

torpor

sluggishness

168

touchstone

a test of quality

169

tout

to praise highly

170

transcend

to go beyond or above

171

transgress

to violate or to go across the boundary, to break a law

172

transient

not staying for a long time

173

trepidation

fear, apprehension

174

turpitude

wickedness

175

ubiquitous

being everywhere at the same time

176

unconscionable

unscrupulous, not right or reasonable

177

unctuous

oily

178

unremitting

relentless

179

unwitting

unintentional

180

urbane

refined

181

usurp

to seize wrongfully

182

utilitarian

stressing utility

183

utopia

perfect society

184

machination

evil activity

185

magnanimous

forgiving, unresenful, generous

186

magnate

businessman

187

malaise

a feeling of depression

188

malfeasance

an illegal act

189

malignant

causing harm

190

malinger

to pretend to be sick to avoid to do work

191

malleable

easily shaped

192

mandate

a command

193

manifest

evident

194

manifesto

a public declaration

195

marshal

to arrange in order

196

martial

warlike

197

maudlin

tearfully sentimental

198

maverick

a rebel

199

maxim

a fundamental principle

200

mediate

to help settle differences

201

mellifluous

sweetly flowing

202

mendacious

lying

203

mendicant

beggar

204

mercenary

hired soldier

205

mercurial

emotionally and mental unpredictable

206

metamorphosis

a magical change in form

207

microcosm

the world in miniature

208

milieu

surrounding

209

minuscule

very tiny

210

mitigate

to moderate the effect of something

211

mollify

to soften; to sooth

212

monolithic

massive, solid, uniform

213

moribund

dying

214

morose

gloomy

215

mortify

humiliate

216

mundane

ordinary

217

munificent

generous

218

myopia

lack of foresight

219

myriad

a huge number

220

obdurate

stubborn