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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (25):
1

2 or more individuals who interact, share goods and norms and have subjective awareness as "we"

group

2

group consisting of exactly 2 people

dyad

3

group consisting of 3 people

triad

4

tendency for triads to segregate into coalition

triadic segregation

5

the alliance formed by 2 or more individuals in order to achieve certain ends

coalition

6

the effects of group number on group behavior independent of the personality characteristics of the members themselves

group size effects

7

consisting of intimate, face-to-face interaction and relatively long lasting relationships

primary group

8

those that are larger in membership, less intimate and less long lasting

secondary groups

9

needs for intimacy, companionship and emotional support

expressive needs

10

emotionally neutral, task oriented, goal oriented needs

instrumental needs

11

what are primary and secondary groups considered?

membership groups

12

those to which you may or may not belong but use as a standard for evaluating your values attitudes and behaviors

reference groups

13

principle that we all make inferences about the personalities of others

attribution theory

14

errors made in attributing causes for people's behavior to their membership in a particular group, such as a racial group

attribution error

15

Set of links between individuals groups or other social units such as bureaucratic organizations or even entire nations

Social network

16

The conviction that one's impervious to social influence

Not-me syndrome

17

Tendency for group members, after discussion and interaction, to engage in riskier behavior than they would while alone

Risky shift

18

Shifting group opinion in terms of risk either increase or a decrease in degree of risk from before discussion to after discussion

Polarization shift

19

Large secondary group highly organized accomplish a complex task or tasks and to achieve goals efficiently

Formal organization

20

Having manufacturing tasks ordinarily performed by the home company instead of foreign workers

Outsourcing

21

An organization having a voluntary membership and that pursues goals

Normative organizations

22

Characterized by membership that is largely involuntary

Coercive code organizations

23

Did a study showing how to structure of organizations leads to obstacles and the advancement of groups that are tokens rarely represented in the organizational environment

Rosabeth Moss Kanter

24

-"Us"
-one belongs to
-provides identity
-essentially the "ok" group

In-Group

25

-"Them"
-no belonging
-complementary to in-group
-essentially "bad"

Out-Group