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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (17):
1

When the elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic number, there is a periodic repetition of their physical and chemical properties.

Periodic law

2

One of a class of elements that are good conductors of heat and electric current; tend to be ductile, malleable, and shiny

Metal

3

An element that tends to be a poor conductor oh heat and electric current; generally have properties opposite to those of metals

Nonmetal

4

An element that tends to have properties that are similar to those of metals and nonmetals

Metalloid

5

Any metal in group a 1A of the periodic table

Alkali metal

6

Any metal in group 2A of the periodic table

Alkaline earth metal

7

A nonmetal in group 7A of the periodic table

Halogen

8

An element in group 8A of the periodic table; the s and p sublevels of the highest occupied energy level are filled

Noble gas

9

An element in an "A" Group in the periodic table; as a group these elements display a wide range of physical and chemical properties. In their atoms, the s and p sublevels in the highest occupied energy level are partially filled

Representative element

10

One of the group B elements in which the highest occupied s sublevel and a nearby d sublevel generally contain electrons

Transition metal

11

An element in the lanthanide or actinide series; the highest occupied sublevel and nearby f sublevel of its atoms generally contain electrons

Inner transition metal

12

One-half the distance between the nuclei of two atoms of the same element when the atoms are joined

Atomic radius

13

An atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative charge

Ion

14

Any atom or group of atoms with a positive charge

Cation

15

Any atom or group of atoms with a negative charge

Anion

16

The energy required to remove an electron from an atom in its gaseous state

Ionization energy

17

The ability of an atom to attract electrons when the atom is in a compound

Electronegativity