Flashcards in Chapter 6- The constitution Deck (20):
What does a constitution aim to do?
- Comprises the laws, rules and practices by which a state is governed
- sets out formal r
- Framework for the political system
- Establishes main institutions of government and determines where the decision making authority resides
- Protects basic rights of citizens (Bill of rights)
Why is a constitution important in a liberal democracy?
Defence against the abuse of power by the state and its institutions
What system does having a constitution uphold?
Is the constitution static?
No, the rules and practices will become adapted to suit the changing circumstances
What do we mean by constitution neutrality and is the constitution neutral?
Constitution neutral means that the framework they provide (for example the electoral system) will favour some actors and others seek to change it and no, we are not neutral
What is constitutionalism?
Theory and practice of government according to the rules and principles of constitution
When does the government act in an unconstitutional manner?
When the actions are not in accord with the principles and practices set out in the constitution
What is the UK's constitution status?
What does this statement mean "A codified constitution has the status of fundamental law or higher law"
It places the codified constitution above any ordinary law made by the legislature which announces a two-tier legal system whereby the constitution has higher status than other law
Who decides whether any provisions have been violated?
Constitutional or supreme court
What makes it harder to change the provisions of a codified constitution?
Entrenched meaning that it has to undergo special procedures in order to amend it
What is the key way in which the UK's constitution can be amended?
Act of parliament- british constitution is reducible to what parliament enacts
Are parliament restricted in terms of what they can amend and what they can't?
No constitutional "no go" areas
What limits judicial review in the UK?
Parliamentary sovereignty and uncodified constitution
What does an uncodified constitution possess an issue?
No definitive criterion for determining what is unconstitutional
What are the five sources of the British constitution?
- Statute law
- Common law
- Authoritative works
Who creates statute law?
What is the process before statute laws are placed in the statute book?
Implemented by executive and enforced by courts
Why is statue law the most important source of principles and rules making up the British constitution?
Parliament is the sovereign body