Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (20):
Equation of Exchange
Shows the Relationship between prices and the money supply
(the number of times $ turns over)
Amount of output produced by an economy
Who discovered MV=PQ?
John Stuart Mill
Nominal Interest Rate
Formulated Rates that banks make based on predicted real interest rates
loans backed by assets that are less risky
not backed by anything, higher rates
Fed purchasing debt in return for dollars
when the fed creates inflation on order to reduce the value of it's debt
3 assumptions of the simple quantity theory
the equation of exchange applies
Velocity is constant
Output is constant
What is the prediction of the simple quantity theory?
The Price Level and Money Supply are proportionally related
Helicopter Drop Story
In the short run, prices and output increase.
In the long run, wages increase causing output to to be restored to potential.
What assumptions does the simple quantity theory rest on?
Velocity is a stable function of a few variables
Output may change in the short run, but in the long run, it returns to the economy's potential.
What did Piketty and Saez's research show?
Based on tax records, the average taxpayer's income in the US has been stagnant since the 1980's, while top incomes have grown.
What did Burkhauser, Larrimore, and simon show?
We see a 37% growth in incomes when we factor in household data, account for taxes, transfers, and fringe benefits, and adjust for household size.
What two observations did Thomas Sewell make about inequality?
As people age, they gain experience and education therefore they grow richer. Also people who are poor can increase their incomes and the wealthy sometimes lose incomes at random times.
US poverty rate