Chapter 7: The Respiratory System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7: The Respiratory System Deck (26):
0

Aka air sacs, are the very small grape like clusters found at the end of each bronchioles

Alveoli

1

Absence of spontaneous respiration

Apnea

2

Often caused by streptococcus pneumonia, only form of pneumonia that can be prevented through vaccination

Bacterial pneumonia

3

An abnormally slow rate of respiration usually of less than 10 breaths per minute

Bradypnea

4

Medication that expands the opening of the passages into the lungs

Bronchodilator

5

Acute respiratory syndrome in children and infants characterized by obstruction of the larynx, hoarseness and a baking cough

Croup

6

Bluish discoloration of the skin caused by a lack of adequate oxygen

Cyanosis

7

Aka shortness of breath, difficult or labored breathing

Dyspnea

8

Swelling

Edema

9

Lid like structure located at base of tongue

Epiglottis

10

Also known as a nose bleed, bleeding from the nose that is usually caused by injury

Epistaxis

11

The collection of blood in the plural cavity

Hemothorax

12

Shallow or slow respsoration

Hypopnea

13

Inflammation of the larynx

Laryngitis

14

Nerve endings that act as the receptors for sense of smell

Olfactory

15

Also known as whooping cough, contagious bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract

Pertussis

16

Thin, moist, slippery membrane that covers the outer surface of the lungs and lines the surface of rib cage

Pleura

17

Breathing

Pnea

18

Physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of lungs and associated tissues

Pulmonologist

19

Accumulation of air in the pleural space causing a pressure imbalance that prevents the lung from fully expanding or can cause it to collapse

Pneumothorax

20

Also known as runny nose

Rhinorrhea

21

Mechanical device for artificial ventilation of the lungs

Ventilator

22

Sudden infant death syndrome

SIDS

23

Abnormally rapid rate of respiration usually of more than 20 breaths per minute

Tachypnea

24

Surgical treatment of lung cancer by removing all or part of a lung

Thoracotomy

25

Measure of breathing

Spirometry