Chapter 8 : Psychotropic Medications and other Biological Treatments Flashcards Preview

OTA 110: Occupation Skills - Psychosocial > Chapter 8 : Psychotropic Medications and other Biological Treatments > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 8 : Psychotropic Medications and other Biological Treatments Deck (28):
1

Psychotropic means......

mind changing

2

Psychotropic drugs alter the what?

Neurotransmitter balances in the brain

3

What kind of drugs are most commonly prescribed for persons with schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders?

Antipsychotic Drugs

4

2 other names that psychiatric medications can be referred to are......

1) Psychotropic
2) Psychotherapeutic

5

10 things that can affect how psychiatric meds work in people are:

1) type of mental disorder
2) age, sex
3) body size
4) physical illness
5) habits like smoking/drinking
6) liver/kidney functions
7) genetics
8) other meds/herbal vitamins
9) diet
10) whether meds are taken as prescribed

6

What is the general name for the old conventional meds used to treat schizophrenia and schizophrenia related disorders?

"typical antipsychotics" - Thorazine and Haldol

7

What is the general name for the new, second generation meds used to treat schizophrenia and schizophrenia related disorders?

"atypical antipsychotics" - Clozapine and Zyprexa

8

Symptoms of schizophrenia such as delusions typically go away within .......

a few weeks

9

What are the natural chemicals in the brain that antidepressants work to balance?

neurotransmitters - seratonin, norepinephrine and dopamine

10

2 antidepressents familiar to people are.....

1) prozac
2) zoloft

11

What are precautions for people taking MAOI's?

they need to be careful not to eat foods with tyramine because it can cause a sharp increase in BP and cause stroke

12

What is another name for Bipolar Disorder?

Manic Depressive Illness

13

What is the broad name for the group of meds used to treat bipolar disorder?

Mood Stabilizers

14

What are 2 other categories of drugs sometimes used to treat bipolar disorder?

1) antipsychotics
2) antidepressants

15

What groups of meds are used to treat anti-anxiety disorders?

1) antidepressants
2) anti-anxiety meds
3) beta blockers

16

What are some common anxiety disorders?

1) OCD
2) PTSD
3) Generalized Anxiety Disorder
4) Panic Disorder
5) Social Phobia

17

What are beta blockers?

They control some of the physical symptoms of ANXIETY such as trembling and sweating

18

What are the side effects of beta blockers?

drowsiness, dizziness, upset stomach, blurred vision

19

What are some common Beta Blockers?

1) Sectral
2) Tenormin
3) Zebeta

20

What are some side effects of Antipsychotic - Typical (traditional)?

- Tardive Dyskinesia
- Involuntary movements of face, trunk, extremities

21

What are some side effects of Antipsychotic - Atypical (second generation)?

- Possible metabolic syndrome
- Agranulocytosis (fatal)
- Elevated liver enzymes

22

What are some side effects of Antiparkinsonian Drugs?

- Cardiac Symptoms
- Dry mouth
- Blurred vision
- Dizziness

23

What are some side effects of Antidepressants (Tricyclics, heterocyclics) Drugs?

- Arrhythmia
- Seizures
- Urinary retention
- Postural hypotension
- Constipation

24

What are some side effects of Antidepressants (MAOIs) [MARPLAN, NARDIL] Drugs?

- Tyramine Reaction: sweating, palpitations, headache
- Increase in blood pressure
- Postural hypotension
- Vomiting
- Nausea
- Drowsiness
- Weakness

25

What are some side effects of Antidepressants (SSRI’s) [CYMBALTA] Drugs?

- Central Serotonin Syndrome: confusion, agitation, sweating, shivering, tremor, jerky movements, fever, diarrhea
- Increased risk of suicidal tendencies

26

What are some side effects of Anti-Anxiety (Benzodiazepines) Drugs?

- Addictive
- Dizziness
- Drowsiness
- Memory Problems

27

What are some side effects of Psychostimulants
[RITALIN, DEXEDRINE]?

-May increase rather than reduce symptoms
Insomnia
-Loss of appetite
-Paranoia

28

What are some side effects of Mood Stabilizers?

- Diarrhea
- Nausea
- Vomiting
- Slurred Speech (may indicate toxic reaction)