Flashcards in Chapter 8 : Psychotropic Medications and other Biological Treatments Deck (28):
Psychotropic drugs alter the what?
Neurotransmitter balances in the brain
What kind of drugs are most commonly prescribed for persons with schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders?
2 other names that psychiatric medications can be referred to are......
10 things that can affect how psychiatric meds work in people are:
1) type of mental disorder
2) age, sex
3) body size
4) physical illness
5) habits like smoking/drinking
6) liver/kidney functions
8) other meds/herbal vitamins
10) whether meds are taken as prescribed
What is the general name for the old conventional meds used to treat schizophrenia and schizophrenia related disorders?
"typical antipsychotics" - Thorazine and Haldol
What is the general name for the new, second generation meds used to treat schizophrenia and schizophrenia related disorders?
"atypical antipsychotics" - Clozapine and Zyprexa
Symptoms of schizophrenia such as delusions typically go away within .......
a few weeks
What are the natural chemicals in the brain that antidepressants work to balance?
neurotransmitters - seratonin, norepinephrine and dopamine
2 antidepressents familiar to people are.....
What are precautions for people taking MAOI's?
they need to be careful not to eat foods with tyramine because it can cause a sharp increase in BP and cause stroke
What is another name for Bipolar Disorder?
Manic Depressive Illness
What is the broad name for the group of meds used to treat bipolar disorder?
What are 2 other categories of drugs sometimes used to treat bipolar disorder?
What groups of meds are used to treat anti-anxiety disorders?
2) anti-anxiety meds
3) beta blockers
What are some common anxiety disorders?
3) Generalized Anxiety Disorder
4) Panic Disorder
5) Social Phobia
What are beta blockers?
They control some of the physical symptoms of ANXIETY such as trembling and sweating
What are the side effects of beta blockers?
drowsiness, dizziness, upset stomach, blurred vision
What are some common Beta Blockers?
What are some side effects of Antipsychotic - Typical (traditional)?
- Tardive Dyskinesia
- Involuntary movements of face, trunk, extremities
What are some side effects of Antipsychotic - Atypical (second generation)?
- Possible metabolic syndrome
- Agranulocytosis (fatal)
- Elevated liver enzymes
What are some side effects of Antiparkinsonian Drugs?
- Cardiac Symptoms
- Dry mouth
- Blurred vision
What are some side effects of Antidepressants (Tricyclics, heterocyclics) Drugs?
- Urinary retention
- Postural hypotension
What are some side effects of Antidepressants (MAOIs) [MARPLAN, NARDIL] Drugs?
- Tyramine Reaction: sweating, palpitations, headache
- Increase in blood pressure
- Postural hypotension
What are some side effects of Antidepressants (SSRI’s) [CYMBALTA] Drugs?
- Central Serotonin Syndrome: confusion, agitation, sweating, shivering, tremor, jerky movements, fever, diarrhea
- Increased risk of suicidal tendencies
What are some side effects of Anti-Anxiety (Benzodiazepines) Drugs?
- Memory Problems
What are some side effects of Psychostimulants
-May increase rather than reduce symptoms
-Loss of appetite