Chapter 1 : History and Basic Concepts Flashcards Preview

OTA 110: Occupation Skills - Psychosocial > Chapter 1 : History and Basic Concepts > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1 : History and Basic Concepts Deck (25):
1

Man's goal directed used of time, interest, energy and attention. Activity with a purpose, with meaning unique to the person performing it is known as.....

occupation

2

- A state of being relative rather than absolute.
- successful functioning within daily life activities, relationships, and exploration and growth
- ability to resolve conflicts in mature ways
- a balanced & satisfying life with energy divided between work, leisure, self care, and care of others
- juggling conflicting demands

mental health

3

a behavioral or psychological syndrome that causes significant distress or disability, or a significantly increased risk of suffering death, pain or an important loss of freedom

mental disorder

4

the most important thing for occupational therapy is the emphasis on impairment in the important areas of what.....

functioning

5

the history of OT is intertwined with what?

psychiatry

6

developed by Pinel in France and Tukes in England....

Moral Treatment Movement

7

Respect for the individual and a belief that the mentally ill would benefit most from a regular daily routine and the opportunity to contribute productively to their own care and to the welfare of society in general through involvement in occupation

Moral Treatment Movement

8

What arose out of the moral treatment movement?

Occupational Therapy

9

what act helped move mentally ill from institution to community living?

Community Mental Health Act (1963)

10

What year was OT attacked for no scientific basis?

1930-1950

11

moving from one kind of institution to another is known as what?

transinstitutionalized

12

Who began to use activities to evaluate their patient's psychodynamics (emotions and psychological defenses)?

Gail and Jay Fidler

13

What changed the incentives for the states and changed state responsibility to federal responsibility?

Medicaid and Medicare Legislation of 1965

14

What was discovered in 1950 that was a huge breakthrough?

tranquilizers

15

What years was there an increase and funding for mental health research?

1960s-1970s

16

reinforcing desired behavior through carefully selected rewards and by enforcing limits on undesirable behavior

behavioral therapy

17

Who built and started using the model of human occupation (MOHO)?

Kielhofner and Burke

18

Who developed sensory integration theory?

Lorna Jean King

19

Who began developing a new scientific discipline called occupational science in the 1980s?

Florence Clark

20

Who came up with the theory of cognitive disabilities?

Claudia Allen

21

A way to study how people understand and tell the stories of their lives

Narrative Reasoning

22

Which act mandates that qualified persons may not be excluded from employment and work activities because of disability due to physical or mental impairments?

Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990

23

Most prevalent form of intervention for persons with mental disorders is.....

psychiatric rehabilitation

24

A proposed public policy that would require insurance companies to reimburse for mental health care to the same extent as physical health care is called.....

mental health parity

25

Who proposed that poor functioning and grossly abnormal posture in chronic schizophrenia could be attributed to errors in sensory processing?

Lorna Jean King