Chapter 8 Test Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 Test Deck (36):
0

According to Mrs.Cannady, the earth was created in how many days?

7

1

According to Mrs. Cannady, how many hours are in each day?

24

2

According to Mrs. Cannady, how old is the earth?

6,000 years

3

Who is a person that believes in evolution and in the Bible?

Theistic evolutionist

4

What is the theory that says that the seven days in Genesis are very long ages?

Day age theory

5

What is the theory that there was a very long period of time between Genesis 1:1 and Genesis 1:2?

Gap theory.

6

What is the theory that the earth and organisms were created and then over time new organisms were created?

Progressive creationism.

7

What word means before the flood?

Antediluvian.

8

What is the theory that says there was a layer of water vapor surrounding the earths atmosphere?

Canopy theory.

9

List what things may have been like during the canopy period.

1. Tropical rainforest like
2. Filter harmful UV rays

10

What is a remnant or trace of an organism of a past age?

Fossil.

11

List 6 types of fossilization.

1. Preservation of parts.
2. Preservation of tracks
3. Preservation of carbon
4. Preservation of forms
5. Perifaction
6. Frozen fossils

12

Most fossils are found in what kind of rocks?

Sedimentary rocks.

13

What is a fossil that is used to tell the age of a layer?

Index fossil.

14

What is used by many evolutionists to explain what we explain by the flood?

Ice age.

15

What is the length of time necessary for a radioactive substance to decay to half its original amount?

Half life

16

Name 4 types of radiometric dating.

1. Uranium-lead
2. Potassium-argon
3. Rubidium- strontium
4. Carbon 14 dating

17

What is the main issue with radiometric dating? one word!

Assumption.

18

List some problems with radiometric dating.

1. We have to assume that when the rocks was formed, it contained all uranium and NO lead.
2. The rate of decay has been constant from the time the rock was formed.
3. None of the uranium or lead escaped from or was added to the rock since it was formed.

19

What is a diagram that demonstrates the supposed stages of evolution?

Phylogenetic tree.

20

What is a missing link/ common ancestor?

A in-between stage.

21

What is natural selection?

Darwin's belief that an organism that has the best characteristics suited to its environment will live the longest and therefore reproduce the most.

22

What is adaptation?

Changes of an organism to become familiar with the surroundings

23

What is a vestigial structure?

One that is believed to no longer have a function in a organism

24

What is a structure that is similar to that on other organisms because they evolved from a common ancestor?

Homologous

25

What is punctuated equilibrium?

The belief that there were periods of rapid evolution followed by periods with almost no evolution.

26

What is a hypothetical organism that supposedly gave rise to two or more types of organisms?

Common ancestor.

27

What is a species?

Consist of individuals that can interbred with each other.

28

The evolutionary processes through which new species arise from existing species?

Specification.

29

How old do evolutionists think the earth is?

4.5 billions years.

30

How long ago do evolutionist think first life evolved?

2.5 billions years.

31

What is a fossil that links an ancient group of organisms to more recent group?

Traditional fossils.

32

What is a acquired trait?

Something you are not born with

33

What is homology that developed gradually before common ancestor of a set species?

Ancestral homology

34

What is mutation?

A change in genetic material that results from an error in replication in DNA.

35

What measures the decay of a radioactive substance?

Radiometric dating method