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Flashcards in Chapter Nineteen Deck (20):
0

a strip of land, usually used as a park or designated for a similar use, separating land dedicated to one use from land dedicated to another use (e.g., residential from commercial). 341

buffer zone

1

an ordinance that specifies minimum standards of construction for buildings to protect public safety and health. 344

building code

2

permission by the municipal inspector to occupy a completed building structure after being inspected and having complied with building codes. 344

certificate of occupancy

3

a plan to guide the long-term physical development of a particular area. 339

comprehensive plan / master plan

4

written governmental permission allowing a use inconsistent with zoning but necessary for the common good, such as locating an emergency medical facility in a predominantly residential area. 343

conditional-use permit

5

private agreements that affect the land use. The may be enforced by an owner of real estate and included in the seller's deed to the buyer. 116

covenants, conditions, and restrictions (CC&Rs)

6

zoning ordinances that restrict the maximum average number of houses per acre that may be built within a particular area, generally a subdivision. 346

density zoning

7

one who attempts to put land to its most profitable use through the construction of improvements. 345

developer

8

state legislation that confers zoning powers on municipal governments. 339

enabling acts

9

a federal law that regulates the sale of certain real estate in interstate commerce. 347-348

Interstate Land Sales Full Disclosure Act

10

an action brought by a property owner seeking just compensation for land taken for public use when the taker of the property does not intend to bring eminent domain proceedings. Property is condemned because its use and value have been diminished due to an adjacent property's public use. 342

inverse condemnation

11

a use of property that is permitted to continue after a zoning ordinance prohibiting it has been established for the area. 343

nonconforming use

12

a planned combination of diverse land uses, such as housing, recreation, and shopping, in one contained development or subdivision. 349

planned unit development (PUD)

13

a detailed map that illustrates the geographic boundaries of individual lots. 345

plat

14

a clause in a deed that limits the way the real estate ownership may be used. 346

restrictive covenants

15

one who buys undeveloped land, divides it into smaller, usable lots and sells the lots to potential users. 345

subdivider

16

a tract of land divided by the owner, known as the subdivider, into blocks, building lots, and streets according to a recorded subdivision plat, which must comply with local ordinances and regulations. 5

subdivision

17

permission obtained from zoning authorities to build a structure or conduct a use that is expressly prohibited by the current zoning laws; an exception from the zoning ordinances. 343-344

variances

18

a regulatory tool that helps communities regulate and control how land is used. 340

zoning

19

an exercise of police power by a municipality to regulate and control the character and use of property. 340

zoning ordinance