Flashcards in Chapters 1-4 Deck (95)
Sequences that don't code for identifiable proteins but in many cases produce molecules that influence the actions of coding sequences
stresses that human beings can only be understood by brooding our perspective one time and space. -perspective avoids ethnocentrism
the organelle that contains the DNA and controls the process of a cell
cultural anthropology, anthropological linguistics, archaeology, biological or physical anthropology, applied anthropology
the exchange of genetic material between homologous chromosomes during meiosis also called crossing over
the view that most of earths geological features are the result of large scale catastrophes such as floods, volcanic eruption
Grandfather of Charles Darwin physician, inventor, natural philosopher, supporter of Lamarck
genes that influence the activity of other genes
the mutual interactive evolution of human biology and culture; the concept that biology makes culture possible and that developing culture further influences the direction of biological evolution
study of disease and injury in skeletons from archeological sites
detailed descriptive studies of human societies in cultural anthropology an ethnography is traditionally the study of a non western society
relying on experience or observation; not merely theoretical
descriptive of an allele in a heterozygous individual that appears to be the only one affecting a trait
the focus within biological anthropology that is concerned with the biology and behavior of non human primates
the study of skeletal remains from archaeological sites
an allele is an alternative form of a gene that is located at a specific position on a specific chromosome
Alleles for one charateristic assort or divide up among the gametes during mieosis independently of other alleles for other characteristics
principle of independent assortment
Basic units of DNA molecule, composed of a sugar, a phosphate, and one of 4 DNA bases
genetically determined classes of human blood that are based on the presence or absence of carbohydrates A and B on the surface of red blood cells; the phenotypes, also called blood types, are A, B, AB, and O
abo blood group
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries information about an organism and is passed from parent to offspring
characteristics that are influenced by alleles at only one genetic locus
behavioral aspects of human adaptation, including technology, traditions, language, religion, marriage patterns, and social roles. Culture is a set of learned behaviors transmitted from on generation to the next by non biological (that is non genetic)means.
Professional collector responsible for the finds of marine reptiles.
Her work was not respected because she was a woman.
One of the world's foremost experts on fossils, self taught expert on comparative anatomy.
Discovered the first plesiosaur
Discovered the first complete skeleton of an icthyosaur
The assembly of chains of amino acids into functional protein molecules
A type of RNA, synthesized from DNA, that attaches to ribosomes in the cytoplasm and specifies the primary structure of a protein.
a change in the genetic structure of a population. The term is also sometimes used to refer to the appearance of a new species.
transfer RNA; type of RNA that carries amino acids to the ribosome
a provisional explanation of a phenomenon. requires verification or falsification through testing.