Chemical Compounds Flashcards Preview

Science 8th Grade > Chemical Compounds > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chemical Compounds Deck (15):
1

Chemical Bond

The combining of atoms to form molecules or compounds.

2

Ionic Compounds

A compound made of oppositely charged ions.

3

Covalent Compounds

A chemical compound formed by the sharing of electrons.

4

Acid

Any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when dissolved in water.

5

Indicator

A compound that can reversibly change color depending on conditions such as pH.

6

Base

Any compound that increases the number of hydroxide ions when dissolved in water.

7

Neutralization Reaction

The reaction of an acid and a base to form a neutral solution of water and a salt.

8

pH

A value that is used to express the acidity or basicity (alkalinity) of a system.

9

Salt

An ionic compound that forms when a metal atom replaces the hydrogen of an acid.

10

Organic Compounds

A covalently bonded compound that contains carbon.

11

Hydrocarbon

An organic compound composed only of carbon and hydrogen.

12

Carbohydrates

A class of energy-giving nutrients that includes sugars, starches, and fiber; composed of one or more simple sugars bonded together.

13

Lipid

A type of biochemical that does not dissolve in water; fats and steroids are lipids.

14

Protein

A molecule that is made up of amino acids and that is needed to build and repair body structures and to regulate processes in the body.

15

Nucleic Acids

A molecule made up of sub-units called nucleotides.