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AQA Sociology - named examples > Childhood > Flashcards

Flashcards in Childhood Deck (19)
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1

Postman

'childhood is disappearing at a dazzling speed'

2

Pilcher

Children have completely different rights and duties from adults, these are regulated and protected by law

3

Ariès

A cult of childhood developed after industrialisation

4

Shorter

Society has a need for better-educated citizens and lower infant mortality rates, therefore, school leaving ages have increased and child protection has improved

5

Donzelot

Theories of child development changed in the 19th Century. People began to realise that children needed protection due to the growing medical interest in child development

6

Gittins

There is an 'age patriarchy' in which adults maintain authority over children. This is achieved by using enforced dependency through the protection from paid employment and legal controls, for example

7

Hockey and James

Childhood is a stage that most children wish to escape

8

Statham and Owens

Black children or dual-heritage children are more likely to end up in care than white or asian children

9

Brannen

Asian families are stricter on their daughters than sons

10

Hillman et al

Studied children age 7 - 15 and found that parents tended to give boys more freedom to cross roads, go out after dark etc than girls

11

Bonke

Girls perform more household chores than boys, especially in lone-parents families

12

Wagg

The construction of childhood varies across different historical and cultural societies

13

Punch

Children growing up in the countryside in Bolivia were given responsibilities and work to perform at the age of 5

14

Katz

Sudanese children have far more freedom to explore and travel around their local area than children in Western societies

15

Ennew

Humanitarian and welfare work is often based on the belief that Western childhood is the 'correct childhood'

16

Jenks

The 20th Century was focused on the 'futurity' of the child - children symbolise the future

17

Palmer

Children are now experiencing a 'toxic childhood,' their lives are more violent, stressful and sexually active. This leads to increased teenage pregnancies, obesity, self-harm and addiction to alcohol and drugs. She also argued that children's development has been damaged by the increasing speed of technological advancement.

18

Lee

The paradox of childhood is one of dependence and independence at the same time

19

Opie

Childhood culture still exists independently of adult influence