Chords and Scales Flashcards Preview

AT II > Chords and Scales > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chords and Scales Deck (15):
1

Neapolitan 6th Chord

N6 A triad in first inversion built on the lowered 2nd scale degree. N6 functions as a predominant, usually coming before a V or I64.

2

Italian Augmented 6th Chord

It+6 (#4, 1, b6) functions in major and minor keys

3

French Augmented 6th Chord

Fr+6 Standard Italian Aug 6th (#4, 1, b6) plus 2nd scale degree. (#4, 1, 2, b6) functions in major and minor keys

4

German Augmented 6th Chord

Gr+6 Standard Italian Aug 6th (#4, 1, b6) plus lowered 3rd scale degree. (#4, b3, 1, b6) functions mostly in minor keys

5

Quartal

chord built from 4ths

6

Quintal

chord built from 5ths

7

Secundal

chord built from 2nds

8

Polychords

two different chords occurring at the same time

9

Added tone chords

a triad with anon-tertian note added typically the 6th

10

major pentatonic scale

scale degrees 1-2-3-5-6

11

minor pentatonic scale

scale degrees 1-3-4-5-7

12

whole tone scale

scale built on whole steps - no feeling of stability since it lacks a P5

13

octatonic scale

scale built on alternating whole steps and half steps

14

common tone diminished seventh chord

CTo or #iio42 fully diminished seventh chord build on the raised second scale degree in a major key

15

doubly augmented four-three chord

DA43 enharmonic German augmented 6th but with a raised second rather than lowered third (#4, 1, b6, #2)