Chpt 2: Nomenclature Prefixes: Alkanes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chpt 2: Nomenclature Prefixes: Alkanes Deck (20)
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1

What is the prefix for a one carbon chain?

meth

2

What is the prefix for a 2 carbon chain?

ethane

3

What is the prefix for a 3 carbon chain?

propane

4

What is the prefix for a 4 carbon chain?

butane

5

What is the prefix for a 5 carbon chain?

pentane

6

What is the prefix for a 6 carbon chain?

hexane

7

What is the prefix for a 7 carbon chain?

heptane

8

What is the prefix for a 8 carbon chain?

octane

9

What is the prefix for a 9 carbon chain?

nonane

10

What is the prefix for a 10 carbon chain?

decane

11

What is the prefix for a 11 carbon chain?

undecane

12

What is the prefix for a 12 carbon chain?

dodecane

13

What is the prefix for a 13 carbon chain?

tridecane

14

What is the prefix for a 14 carbon chain?

tetradecane

15

What is the prefix for a 15 carbon chain?

pentadecane

16

what is a primary carbon connected to?

a single carbon atom

17

what is a secondary carbon connected to?

2 other carbon atoms

18

what is a tertiary carbon connected to?

3 other carbon atoms

19

what is a quaternary carbon connected to?

4 other carbon atoms

20

what is an alkyl group?

what you call it when a hydrogen is removed from an alkane

exp, methyl (formerly mathane), ethyl (formerly ethane), butyl (formerly butane) are all alkyl groups