Flashcards in Christian Beliefs and Teachings Deck (169)
Define the term 'Catholic'.
A branch of Christianity, based in Rome and led by the Pope.
Define the term 'Orthodox'.
a branch of Christianity, mainly, but not entirely, practiced in Eastern Europe.
Define the term 'Protestant'.
A branch of Christianity, originally named through their protest against the Catholic Church.
Define the term 'denomination'.
A distinct group within the Christian faith, with its own organisation and traditions.
The supreme being.
What type of religion is Christianity?
Name the first of the Ten Commandments (which tells Christians to be Monotheistic).
"You shall have no other Gods before me."
Define the term 'omnipotent'.
Almighty/ All powerful.
Define the term 'omniscient'.
Define the term 'omnibenevolent'.
Define the term 'justice'.
The bringing about of what is right and fair according to the law, or making up for wrong that has been committed.
Give a quote showing God's omnibenevolence.
"God so loved the world that he gave his one and only son".
Define the term 'trinity'.
The belief that there are three persons in the one God: the Father, the Son, the Holy Spirit - they are separate but also make up one being.
Define the term 'Holy spirit'.
The third 'person' of the trinity whom Christians believe is inspiring presence of God in the world.
Define the term 'Son of God'.
A title given to Jesus, the second 'person' of the trinity. Denotes the special relationship between Jesus and God - the Father.
What three things does the trinity describe?
> There is only one God
> Each 'person' is fully God
> The persons of the trinity are not the same
If all three parts of the trinity are 'active' in the world, what does this mean for humans?
They may interact with all three persons.
Define the term 'creation'.
The act by which God brought the universe to being.
Define the term 'the Word'.
Term used at the beginning of John's Gospel to refer to God the Son.
Define the term 'Genesis'.
One verse of the creation of life. The account of how the universe, earth and life were created by God in 7days.
Give a quote showing that the Holy Spirit was active in what had become our world.
"And the spirit of God was hovering over the waters."
Give a quote showing Jesus' importance in the creation story.
"In the beginning there was the Word, and the Word was with God."
Define the term 'incarnation'.
The becoming of flesh/ taking human form.
Define the term 'resurrection'.
> Rising from the dead
> Jesus rising from the dead on Easter Day. An event recorded in all four gospels and the central belief in Christianity.
Define the term 'blasphemy'.
A religious offence which includes claiming to be God.
Why do many question the concept of Virgin Mary?
It is not natural.
Why do Christians believe that Mary was a virgin?
The gospels of Matthew and Luke explain quite clearly that the mother of Jesus did not conceive Him sexually.
What is a fundamental Christian belief about the incarnation?
God showed himself as a human being for around 30years.
Give a quote about the incarnation.
"The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us."