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Flashcards in Christianity Deck (54):
1

Ascension

The event 40 days after the Resurrection, when Jesus returned to God, the Father, in heaven, recorded in Luke 24 and Act 1.

2

Atonement

The reconciliation between God and humanity.

3

Bible

Sacred book for Christians consisting of both the new and old testaments.

4

Catholic

The tradition within the Christian Church which is led by the Pope.

5

Catholic Agency for Overseas Development [CAFOD]

A Christian charity that provides emergency and long-term aid to the developing world.

6

Christ

The leader promised by God to the Jews. Chrstians believe that Jesus is the Christ.

7

Christian

Someone who believes in Jesus Christ and follows the religion based on his teachings.

8

Christian Aid

A Christian charity that provides emergency and long-term aid to the developing world.

9

Church

A building in which Christians worship.

10

Creation

Christians believe that the world is God's loving creation.

11

Crucifixion

Execution in which people were fixed to the cross. Jesus was crucified on Good Friday.

12

Easter

The religious season celebrating the Resurrection of Jesus from the dead. It starts on Easter Day and finishes with the feast of Pentecost.

13

Evangelism

Preaching the good news about God to convert people to Christianity.

14

The Father

The first part of the holy Trinity. The creator and one who sustains the universe.

15

Food Banks

Places which collect donated food to distribute to the poor. Christian charities such as Christian Aid have food banks.

16

Grace

The unconditional and generous love that God shows to people who do not deserve it.

17

Heaven

The state after death of being with and enjoying eternity with God. Also though to be a place.

18

Hell

The place of eternal suffering or the state after death of being separated from God and thus no connection to him.

19

Holy Spirit

The third part of the Holy Trinity who descended like a dove on Jesus at his baptism. Christians believe that the Holy Spirit is always present and inspires them.

20

Incarnation

The doctrine that God took a human form as Jesus.

21

Informal Prayer

Spontaneous prayers spoken from the heart as opposed to the usual use of set prayers.

22

Informal Worship

Worship with no set structure.

23

Jesus

1st century Jewish teacher and holy man, believed by Christians to be the son of God.

24

Judgement

When God decides whether each person should receive eternal life or eternal punishment.

25

Just

Treating individuals fairly and equally.

26

Law

This refers to the law of God, revealed in the Bible, which Christians are called to obey. St Paul made it clear, however, that salvation is not earned by obedience of the law but rather it is God's free gift.

27

Lord's Prayer

The prayer taught to the disciples of Jesus.

28

Mission

The duty of Christians to spread the gospel (the good news about Jesus).

29

Non-Liturgical Worship

Worship which does not follow a set text or ritual.

30

Omnipotent

The belief that God is all powerful.

31

The Oneness of God

The belief that God is one.

32

Original Sin

The belief that human nature is flawed and so humans have a tendency to go against God's will.

33

Persecution

Where Christians face punishment, including death, for losing adherence to their faith.

34

Prayer

Communicating with God through words praise, thanksgiving or confession, or requests for his help. Listening to and speaking to God.

35

Protestant

The Churches that protested against and broke away from the Catholic Church during the Reformation. Services are generally based more closely on the Bible than those of the Catholic and Orthodox Churches.

36

Reconciliation

Restoring harmony after dispute and a sacrament in the Roman Catholic and Anglican Churches.

37

Resurrection

The event celebrated on Easter Day of Jesus rising from the dead.

38

Salvation

Saving the soul and deliverance from sin and admission to heaven brought about by Jesus.

39

Sin

Behaviour which is against God's laws and wishes against principals of morality.

40

The Son

The second person of the Trinity. Jesus.

41

Son of God

A title used for Jesus.

42

Sources of Wisdom and Authority

The belief that the Bible, religious leaders and statements of belief should be respected as conveying deep religious truths.

43

Trinity

The belief that there are three people in the one God. The Father, The Son and The Holy Spirit are separate, but also one being.

44

Word

St John's Gospel 1 describes God creating the world through his Word and links this to Jesus in the statement: "The Word was made flesh and dwell among us".

45

Worship

Offering to God the praise that he is due. This may be done in public or in private worship.

46

What three qualities do Christians associate with God? Give a quote to support your answer.

He is omnipotent (all-powerful), benevolent (loving) and just (fair). "For the lord is a God of a justice." - the word lord shows that God is omnipotent.

47

What are the three personas of God in the Holy Trinity?

The Father (creator), the Son (incarnation) and the Holy Spirit (inspires the world).

48

What does the book of Genesis teach about the creation?

It teaches that God created the world in 6 days, resting on the 7th. It is said that God created the world on purpose and in a specific order. Furthermore, God created humans in "his image" and gave us "dominion" - meaning that he gave us stewardship of his creation.

49

Which parts of the Trinity were involved in the creation?

The Father - Creator
The Son - "in the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God." The Word is referring to Jesus.
The Holy Spirit - referenced in Genesis. "and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters".

50

What are two Christian beliefs about judgement?

We will either be judged when we die or at the end of the world - Judgement Day. Christians believe we will be separated by Jesus just as a "shepherd separates sheep from the goats".

51

What does the Gospel of John say about God taking on the form of a human as Jesus.

"the Word became flesh and lived among us".

52

Why was Jesus crucified?

His teachings were against what was currently being taught by Jewish leaders. For example, Jesus' teaching of "turn the other cheek" goes against "eye for an eye".

53

What is the belief about when the ascension happened?

The ascension happened on the 40th day after the resurrection, showing the fulfillment of God's plan.

54

Why do Christians believe that all humans have a tendency to sin?

Because we all descendants of Adam and Eve, who commit the "original sin".