Flashcards in Christianity - Religion and Life Deck (35):
What are the 2 main messages that all Christians take from the Genesis 1 story?
- God created everything
- The universe is good.
How do fundamentalist Christians respond to the Genesis 1 Creation story?
they believe that everything happened literally as it is in the bible.
How does the interpretation of the Hebrew word "yom" allow christians to believe literally in Genesis 1 but also in the Big Bang and evolution?
As "yom" is a word meaning an unspecified amount of time meaning that Genesis 1 could have literally happened in 7 "yoms" rather than 24 hour days.
How do liberal Christians respond to Genesis 1?
That it is a metaphor of how God created the universe.,
What Bible teachings show that Christians should be Stewards of the earth?
In the second Genesis story God tells Adam and Eve to care for the animals and to cultivate the Earth.
How do beliefs about Stewardship affect Christian attitudes to the environment?
Christians who believe in Stewardship believe that pollution is sinful.
What Bible teaching show that Christians should have Dominion over the Earth?
"God blessed them and said to them, 'be fruitful and increase in number; fill the earth and subdue it. Rule over the fish in the sea and the birds in the sky and over every living creature that moves on the ground.
How do beliefs about Dominion affect Christian attitudes to the environment?
Christians who believe in dominion believe that the Earth belongs to humans who can do what they want with it.
Why is it important to preserve the world's natural resources?
Because they are finite.
List 3 ways Christians can be good stewards regarding the world's natural resources.
- Use electric vehicles
- Do not deforest
List 3 types of pollution explaining their causes and effects.
Air pollution - caused mainly by fumes from factories and vehicles. Long term exposure can lead to asthma attacks, lung cancer and other diseases. IT also causes global warming and acid rain.
Land pollution - Caused by the ineffective disposal of waste. When chemicals enter the earth this can poison wildlife, making farming less efficient.
Water pollution - caused by dumping waste into the sea. It can have a devastating effect on marine life. The deepwater horizon oil spill in 2010, for example, released over 750 million litres of oil into the sea and killed thousands of birds and marine animals.
List 2 bible quotes that explain why christians believe humans are more important than animals.
"Everything that lives and moves about will be food for you." Genesis 9:3
"Take with you seven of every kind of clean animal, a male and its mate, and one pair of every kind of unclean animal, a male and its mate, and also seven pairs of every kind of bird, male and female, to keep their various kinds alive throughout the earth"
List 2 Bible quotes that show that Christians should be kind to animals.
"Do not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain." Deuteronomy 25:4
"The righteous care for the needs of their animals..." Proverbs 12:10
Give 3 examples of how animals are used by humans in a positive way.
1. Bred, killed and processed for food
2. Skinned for their clothing
3. Used to test medical materials that could be dangerous to humans.
Why do most Christians support animal testing for medical purposes, but not for cosmetics?
Because cosmetics are not completely necessary for human survival, therefore they are not worth the harm inflicted on the animal.
Give a Bible quote that shows that Christians can eat meat
"Everything that lives and moves about will be food for you",
Give a Bible quote that shows that Christians can be vegetarian if they want to.
"The one who eats everything must not treat with contempt the one who does not, and the one who does not eat everything must not judge the one who does, for God has accepted them." Romans 14:3
What does the Bible say about how humans first came into existence? ( Briefly summarise 2 creation stories)
1st Creation story - God created male and female humans on the final day of creation.
2nd Creation story - Adam was formed from the soil and God breathed life into him and created Eve from Adam's rib.
What does science say about how humans came into existence? (Evolution)
That humans evolved from the monkey which evolved from the first single celled organisms on Earth
What do most athiests believe about evolution?
They accept it because they believe it best explains how life has developed on Earth.
What do Fundamentalist Christians believe about evolution? (When/How universe was created + how they explain existence of fossils)
They believe that the origin of human life was exactly as recorded in genesis, with god creating each species separately. They believe that the world is 2000 years old and that the fossils that are supposed evidence to evolution were placed there by the devil.
How is it that most Christians believe in the creation stories of Genesis and evolution?
They believe that God created the universe in 6 "yoms", the Hebrew word for an unspecified amount of time, therefore God may have caused the Big Bang and 'the evolution of humans'.
What is the UK law on abortion?
Since 1990 abortion has been legal up to the 24th week of pregnancy if 2 licensed doctors both agree that one of the following conditions applies:
- Woman's life is in danger
- There is a risk to the woman's physical or mental health
- There is a significant risk that the baby will be born with severe mental or physical disabilities
- An additional child may affect the physical or mental health of existing children in the family.
What do Catholic and Evangelic Christians believe about abortion and why?
Abortion is wrong and should never happen, except perhaps to save the woman's life.
What do liberal Protestant Christians believe about abortion and why?
That abortion is wrong but can occur under certain circumstances, for example if the pregnancy is the result of rape or if the child would be severely disabled.
What are the non religious arguments against abortion?
Life begins at conception because all the DNA is present to create a unique individual.
What are the non religious arguments for abortion?
The mother should get to decide what happens to their body.
Life doesn't really start until birth, or at the very least until the foetus can survive outside the womb.
What are the different types of euthanasia?
Voluntary: When it is the person's choice
Non-voluntary: When they are unable to give consent but are killed because it is decided to be in their best interests.
Involuntary: When a person does not give consent but their life is ended anyway.
What is the UK law on euthanasia?
It is fully illegal and treated as murder or manslaughter.
What are the non-religious arguments against euthanasia?
It is important to help the depressed, disabled, elderly and sick.
What are the non-religious arguments for euthanasia?
That everyone has a 'right to die' as dignified a death as
What do most Christians believe about euthanasia and why?
That it is interfering with God's plan and comparable to murder.
What do a few liberal Christians believe about euthanasia and why?
That the drugs used to end a suffering person's life are God-given and should be used if it is the most loving thing to do.
What do Christians believe happens when you die?
That god will judge you and decide whether you are to go to heaven or to hell.