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Flashcards in Chronic Diseases and Prevention Deck (72)
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1

What is the #1 leading chronic disease?

Heart disease and stroke

2

What is the #2 leading chronic disease?

Cancer

3

What is the #3 leading chronic disease?

diabetes

4

What is the number 4 leading chronic disease?

arthritis

5

What is the #5 leading chronic disease?

obesity

6

Leading 5 chronic diseases in order.

Heart disease and stroke
Cancer
Diabetes
Arthritis
obesity

7

Chronic diseases affect which population?

older

8

What is #1 cause of death?

Heart disease

9

What is the #2 cause of death?

cancer

10

What is the #3 cause of death?

Chronic respiratory disease

11

What is the #4 cause of death?

stroke

12

What is the # 5 cause of death?

accidents

13

What are the 5 leading causes of death in order?

Heart disease
Cancer
Chronic respiratory disease
Stroke
accidents

14

Heart disease #1 cause of death since? Except?

1900
1918

15

What study of heart disease stilt continues today?

Framingham Heart Study

16

What ratio of adults are currently affected with heart disease?

1/3 of adults

17

What is the major cause of mortality through the world?

cancer

18

What is the leading cause of death for persons younger than 85?

cancer

19

What are the MC cancers?

Lung, breast, colorectal

20

3 in order CA diagnosed in men.

Prostate
Lung
colorectal

21

3 in order CA diagnosed in women.

breast
Lung
Colorectal

22

#1 CA death in men?

lung

23

#1 CA death in women?

lung

24

What percentage of lung CA due to smoking?

80%

25

How to decrease Lung CV risk?

Avoid: smoking, second hand as well, asbestos, radon, arsenic, tar soot, nickel, and some forms of silica and chromium.
Limit: alcohol
Eat balanced diet

26

What is incidence of breast CA in women?

12.5%

27

What percentage of women with breast CA have no known risk factors?

60%

28

Colorectal CA increases with?

age

29

What percentage of colorectal CA is diagnosed in people older than 50?

90%

30

What ratio of men greater than 50 have HISTOLOGICAL evidence of CA prostate?

1/3