Flashcards in Chronicles 1&2 Deck (44):
Where does the English title Chronicles come from?
St. Jerome was commissioned by Pope Damasus to revise the "Old Latin" Bible into the Latin used at the time. This was later called the Vulgate.
How did the books become separate?
As was true of Samuel and the Kings the Septuagint (Greek) was responsible for dividing 1&2 Chronicles
What is the percentage of material that can be found in 1&2 Chronicles,Kings, and Samuel?
Where do the scholars place the writings of Chronicles?
Within Ezra's lifetime (450-400BC)
In the Hebrew Canon where is Chronicles found?
The Chronicles are the final books of he Hebrew canon.
What perspective does Chronicles reflect?
The perspective of a reforming priest (as Ezra was) with emphasis on the Templ and the Levitical Priesthood.
When can we assume the books were written?
During the second or third generation after the exile ended.
Approximately 450-400 BC
What was omitted from these books in the first Bible Commentary?
Solomons apostasy, David's adulterous and Adonijahs rebellion.
What biblical resources were used to write the Chronicles?
1&2 Samuel and 1&2 Kings
What were the authors/editors main purposes?
To remind their readers of the victories of their heritage and to assure them of triumphs in the future.
Also a statement that God's promises were still true even though they had failed miserably.
Name 5 differences between Chronicles and Sam&Kings
Samuel&Kings had prophetic authorship and prophetic and moral concerns whereas Chronicles had priestly authorship with ministry&spiritual concerns.
Samuel&Kings was more negative with rebellions and tragedy whereas Chronicles was more positive with apostasy but hope in spite of tragedy.
Samuel&Kings had a message of judgement whereas Chronicles had a message of Hope.
Samuel&Kings had man's failings and Chronicles had God's faithfulness.
Samuel&Kings emphasizes the kings and the Prophets and Chronicles emphasizes the temple and the priests.
How did the writer show that David's greatness came from his attitude toward God?
Davids care for the ark (a symbol of God's grace)
Davids desire to build the temple (a symbol of worship which responds to God's grace)
Describe the message of 1st Chronicles
The message is timeless. On both a national and personal level, greatness comes with our depth of fellowship with God.
What were the purposes for including the genealogies?
The author demonstrated a national identity.
The lists demonstrated continuity between generations.
The first readers could believe that the promises God gave their ancestors before the exile were also for them.
Name three important people listed in the genealogies
Adam/the head of the human race receiving the Adamic Covenant(blessings)
Abraham/was important because of the promises God gave him and his descendants in the Abrahamic Covenant.
David /was important because of his role as Israel's divinely chosen King and because of the promises God gave him in the Davidic covenant.
What did the author perceive to be God's chosen instruments of Salvation?
The Davidic line of Kings
The City of Jerusalem
What did Saul's death become for the author?
A prototype or pattern of exile.
What was the writers purpose in writing Saul's death in such length and detail?
To present Saul as a prototype of all the evil Kings that follow, and to present David as a prototype of all the good Kings that follow.
What was a key factor of the reign of King David?
David originated musical guilds and services.
Bringing the Ark into Jerusalem marked the beginning of the Levitical singers ministry in Israel.
What was pertinent for the Temple in the book of Chronicles?
During Davids reign and place was designated for the Temple.
What was the primary reason for including the incident of David counting the men in Chronicles?
The Primary reason was that it explains the site chosen for the Temple.
In 2 Chronicles where did Solomons real greatness lay?
His real greatness was in his humility before God.
What was Solomons primary service to the nation?
The erecting of the Temple.
What was Solomons failure during his reign?
His failure was that he ceased to recognize God's sovereign rule which was the very thing the Temple promoted.
Who were the 5 main religious revivals at the time?
What is a main message from each book that is applicable to the church today?
1 Chronicles: it was necessary that the people recognize God in everything.
2 Chronicles teaches that if recognition is only formal and ceremonial then it is useless and impotent.
Similarities between the Temple and the Church...
Temple was physical while the church is a spiritual temple.
Presence of God filled the temple at its beginning, Holy Spirit filled the church at the beginning.
Solomons temple was the center of spiritual life in Israel the church is to be the spiritual center of the world.
The Temple reminded the people of God's heavenly rule over them and with them and the church is to remind all people of God's rule over and presence with them.
Temple degenerated into symbolism and form and the church is sometimes reduced to form and symbolism.
What might we as a church struggle to do that Israel also struggled to do?
We can fail to bring God's revelation to the world if we are content to merely play church.
What was Solomons major accomplishment?
The building of the temple
What is mount Moriah the site of?
The Temple as well as the spot where Abraham was called to sacrifice his son Isaac.
What did the golden age of Solomons reign remind the Jews of the restoration period to do?
Repent and be faithful
2 Chronicles 7:14
If my people, who are called by my name, will humble themselves and pray and seek my face and turn from their wicked ways, then I will hear from heaven and will forgive their sin and will heal their land.
What were the two models presented by the Chronicler?
Restoration and Exile.
Saul's life became pattern of exile.
2 Chronicles 7:14 is the pattern for restoration.
The Chronicler calls the readers to asses their own situation in light of these patterns.
Which Kingdom was the author more interested in?
The history of the Northern Kingdom lay outside the scope of the authors purpose.
The author was interested in tracing the kings of the southern Kingdom of Judah.
What did the Temple represent in Athalia's day?
The protector of the promise of David. As long as they had permission to build the temple there was hope that someday a successor to David might rule over them again.
What was the way to respond to the Temple in Chronicles?
To honor the temple was to honor God.
To neglect the temple was to neglect God.
What does King Uzziahs reign show?
It was third in a royal trilogy of kings who began well but ended poorly.
Joash, Amaziah, and Uzziah.
These histories show the importance of faithfulness to God to the very end.
What were signs of divine blessing to the Chronicler?
Building projects and political successes.
According to the Chronicler what was the reason for Israel's exile?
The hardness of heart that King Ahab demonstrated.
Who's reign did the Chronicler give more space to than any others outside of David and Solomon?
After Solomon who was the only king who reflected the heart of David?
What was the edict of Cyrus for?
The rebuilding of the Temple which was first hand evidence that God had not annulled His covenants with Israel nor the Levitical system revealed at Sinai.
What was the same characterization of the Davidic Kings?
The hardness of heart which was the same as Pharoh under Moses.