Church and belief by 1547 Flashcards Preview

History - Henry VIII 3 > Church and belief by 1547 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Church and belief by 1547 Deck (30):
1

When was the Treaty of Nice signed and who between?

1538; Charles V and Francis I

2

When was Cromwell beheaded?

1540

3

What title was Cromwell given in 1540?

Earl of Essex

4

What were Henry's four foreign policy aims?

To regain control of the former French territories; to establish himself as an equal with Charles V and Francis I; to maintain links with the Netherlands; to secure the Tudor dynasty

5

What was the Auld alliance?

A series of agreements signed by Scotland and France specifically against England

6

When did the Pope call a crusade against England?

1538

7

Why was the Treaty of Nice bad for England?

It united the two biggest powers in Europe, who were being encouraged by the Pope to launch a crusade against England

8

When did James V die?

1542

9

When was the Battle of Solway Moss and was it a victory or defeat for Henry?

1542; victory

10

When was the Treaty of Camp signed?

1546

11

What did the Treaty of Camp give Henry?

Control of Bolougne for eight years and pension payment

12

What did Henry outline in his last speech in Parliament?

His legacy should be preserved; the Church of England should be preserved; in order to protect Edward disputes should be resolved

13

Why was Henry reluctant to attack France despite it being his most important foreign policy?

The Auld Alliance France had with Scotland

14

Between what years did France and Spain have an uneasy peace?

1529-36

15

Why was Henry unable to exploit France's weakness in 1536 when war broke out with Spain again?

He had to deploy his forces to deal with the Pilgrimage of Grace

16

How long was the treaty of Nice meant to last for?

10 years

17

What was the Schmalkaldic League?

A group of German princes who defended Protestantism from Charles V's militant Catholicism

18

What did Cromwell go the Schmalkaldic League for?

A princess to marry Henry

19

What were Wyatt and Norfolk sent to do at the Spanish and French courts by Henry?

Try to disrupt the peace by exposing plots against the other country

20

When did the treaty of Nice end and why?

1541; Charles V agreed to an alliance with Stephen Gardiner

21

When was the Prebenderies Plot, and who did it try to discredit?

1543; Cranmer

22

Why was Anne Askew burnt at the stake in 1546?

For spreading Protestant heretical literature

23

What is the 'Auld Alliance?'

An alliance between Scotland and France

24

Where did England defeat Scotland in the 1540s?

Solway Moss, Ancrum Moor and Pinkie

25

How large was Henry's army that invaded France in 1543?

48,000

26

What was the most notable outcome of the Treaty of Camp signed with France in 1546?

Secured Bologne for 8 years

27

What was the cost of the French war 1542-6 compared to the gain of the French pension?

£2.1m cost to £205,000 gain

28

When was the war with France?

1542-46

29

What was the relationship between Jane Seymour and Edward Seymour, the Earl of Hertford?

Brother

30

Who did Henry appoint as regent for Edward?

Edward Seymour and John Dudley