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Flashcards in Church History Final Deck (33)
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1
Q

What is the Lausanne Movement?

A

Held by Billy Graham.
A desire to learn how to spread the gospel.
How to get the gospel to the hardest places.

2
Q

Who drafted the Lausanne movement?

A

John Stott

3
Q

What was John Stott’s contribution to the Lausanne movement?

A

Provided the view that missions included evangelism and justice. Must do both, but the priority is evangelism

4
Q

Who coined the phrase “unreached people group”?

A

Ralph Winter

5
Q

In ecumenism, what was the difference between missions vs. mission?

A

Missions - bad in their opinion, to convert people

Mission - divorced from conversion; god glorified himself through a better life

6
Q

What is the social gospel?

A

Focused more on improving life here and now on earth.

7
Q

What are the three waves of the continuationist movement?

A

First wave = Pentacostalism
Second wave = Charismatics
Third wave = neo-charismatics

8
Q

What is word-faith gospel?

A

Essentially the prosperity gospel

9
Q

What do pentacostals believe?

A

Speaking in tongues is proof of the dwelling of the Holy Spirit. All christians should practice speaking in tongues.

10
Q

Who spoke in tongues, thus sparking a wave of speaking in tongues?

A

Agnes Ozment at Bethel Bible College

11
Q

What happened racially with the coming of pentacostalism?

A

For the first time in 15 years, whites and blacks freely worshiped side by side

12
Q

What is l’abri?

A

Equip christians to engage in the secular culture. Begun by Francis Shaeffer as a shelter for travelers to discuss philosophical and religious beliefs.

13
Q

What is the New Religious right?

A

The most visible movement. Coalition which included mostly of evangelicals and fundamentals.

14
Q

What is black liberation theology?

A

A theological perspective which contextualized christianity in an attempt to help African americans overcome opression

15
Q

To what does the separated brethren refer?

A

A term coined by the catholic church, which claimed that members outside of the catholic tradition as “separated brethren” Which before, they were considered heretics.

16
Q

What is the Scopes Trial?

A

A low point for fundamentalism. Teaching evolution banned

17
Q

New Hampshire confession of faith

A

Stratton attempted Northern Baptists to adhere to this, but it didn’t prevail because Northern Baptists wanted the New Testament to be the only confession of faith and practice.

18
Q

Who wrote Christianity in Liberalism? and what was it

A

J. Gresham Machen. It outlined fundamentalist presbyterianism.

19
Q

What was the ecumenical movement?

A

Came from the Roman Catholic’s attempt to reconcile with the protestant church.

20
Q

Edinburgh Missionary Conference

A

John R. Mott - Led organization called the Student Volunteer Movement. intended to put a focus on denominational unity.
Led to the formation of the World Counsel of Churches
Emphasis on unity and purpose rather than unity and doctrine.

21
Q

Walter Rauschenbush

A

The Social Gospel
Served in Hell’s Kitchen
Opened his eyes to economic plight in the city
Held to evangelical understanding of conversion
Highlighted ethical implications behind the gospel rather than doctrine itself

22
Q

Modernism

A

Religion common to humanity
• Christian superiority vs. Christian exclusivity
Immanence over transcendence
Optimistic Neo-Pelagianism
Optimistic eschatology (postmillennialism)
Neo-Arian view of Jesus
Historical-critical hermeneutics and Darwinism

23
Q

What is fundamentalism?

A

originally referred to evangelical protestants who were conservative dissenters against progressive theological and social trends in the church and the broader culture during the first half of the twentieth century

24
Q

What was The Fundamentals?

A

A series of printed pamphlets that argued for conservative protestant orthodoxy, biblical inerrancy, deity of Christ

25
Q

What was the Cambridge Seven?

A

Seven students from Cambridge university who decided to become missionaries to china. They were prominent students who gave up their wealth to become missionaries. Their commitment spurred thousands of others to become missionaries

26
Q

What is the Student Volunteer Movement?

A

college mission initiative
“The Evangelization of the world in this generation.”
Attempt to mobilize collegians to reach the nations with the gospel
Became popular b/c the Cambridge Seven

27
Q

Edinburgh Missionary conference

A

Culmination of SVN
Called for interdenominational support and work for translating Bibles
put differences aside to share the gospel together and translate the bible
Gives birth to many more parachurch ministries
Only protestants participated
Also helps to launch the modern ecumenical council

28
Q

What are parachurch ministries and what are some examples?

A

Interdenominational ministries • with a narrow focus
• China inland Mission & Africa Inland Mission
• Wheaton College, Gordon College, Moody Bible Institute, Bible Institute of Los
Angeles
• YMCA, YWCA, urban rescue missions
• Holiness conferences, prophecy conferences, and Sunday school conferences

29
Q

Holiness Movements

A

Camp movements that promoted entire sanctification. it included ongoing fillings of the spirit. Temporary victory over sin. Heightened evangelism empowerment.

30
Q

Plymouth Brethren

A

Persuades evangelical American believers to become dispensationalists

31
Q

The Secret Rapture

A

God will secretly remove from the earth the mostly Gentile church in order to fulfill prophecies among ethnic Israel

32
Q

C.I. Scofield

A

Promoting Dispensationalism. Rightly Dividing the word of Truth and Scofield Reference Bible.

33
Q

Biblical Inerrancy

A

the bible, in its original autographs, is free of any biographical errors.
◦ It always speaks truthfully.
◦ Not exhaustively, but truthfully to anything that it touches - such as science or biology