Flashcards in Citizen Test Deck (100):
What is the supreme law of the land?
What does the constitution do?
Sets up the government
The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are they?
We the people
What is an amendment?
A change or addition to the constitution
What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?
the Bill of Rights
What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?
Freedom of speech or religion
How many amendments does the Constitution have?
What did the Declaration of Independence do?
announced our independence (from Great Britain)
What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?
Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
What is freedom of religion?
You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion.
What is the economic system in the United States?
or market economy
What is the “rule of law”?
Everyone must follow the law
Name one branch or part of the government.*
Executive, congress, or president
What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?
Checks and balances
Separation of powers
Who is in charge of the executive branch?
Who makes federal laws?
Senate and House
What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?
the Senate and House (of Representatives)
How many U.S. Senators are there?
We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?
Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators now?
The House of Representatives has how many voting members?
We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?
Name your U.S. Representative.
Who does a U.S. Senator represent?
All the people of the state
Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?
The states population
We elect a President for how many years?
In what month do we vote for President?
What is the name of the President of the United States now?
Donald J. Trump
What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?
Michael R. Pence
If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
The Vice President
If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
The speaker of the house
Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?
Who signs bills to become laws?
Who vetoes bills?
What does the President’s Cabinet do?
Advises the President
What are two Cabinet-level positions?
Secretary of education
What does the judicial branch do?
What is the highest court in the United States?
The Supreme Court
How many justices are on the Supreme Court?
Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?
Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal
To print money
Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the United States?
Provide schooling and education
Who is the Governor of your state now?
What is the capital of your state?
What are the two major political parties in the United States?
Democratic and republican
What is the political party of the President now?
What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?
Paul D. Ryan
There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.
Citizens 18 and older can vote
What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?
Serve on a jury
Name one right only for United States citizens.
Vote in the federal election
What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?
Freedom of expression
Freedom of speech
What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?
The United States
What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?
Give up loyalty to other countries
How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?
What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?
Join a political party
When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?
When must all men register for the Selective Service?
18 or older
What is one reason colonists came to America?
Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?
What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?
Why did the colonists fight the British?
Because of high taxes
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?
July 4th, 1776
There were 13 original states. Name three.
What happened at the Constitutional Convention?
The constitution was written
When was the Constitution written?
The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.
What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?
Who is the “Father of Our Country”?
Who was the first President?
What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?
The Louisiana territory
Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.
Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.
The civil war
Name one problem that led to the Civil War.
What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?
Freed the slaves
What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
Freed the slaves
What did Susan B. Anthony do?
Fought for women rights
Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s
World War II
Who was President during World War I?
Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?
Who did the United States fight in World War II?
Japan, Germany, Italy
Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?
World War II
During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?
What movement tried to end racial discrimination?
What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?
Fought for civil rights
What major event happened on September 11, 2001, in the United States?
Terrorists attacked the United States.
Name one American Indian tribe in the United States.
Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States.
What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?
What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?
Name one U.S. territory.
Name one state that borders Canada.
Name one state that borders Mexico.
What is the capital of the United States?
Where is the Statue of Liberty?
Why does the flag have 13 stripes?
Because there was 13 original colonies
Why does the flag have 50 stars?
One star for each state
What is the name of the national anthem?
The star spangled banner
When do we celebrate Independence Day?