Flashcards in Citizenship Deck (99):
What is the supreme law of the land?
What does the Constitution do?
Sets up the Govt
Defines the Govt
Protects the rights of Americans
The idea of self govern is the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?
We the People
What is an amendment?
A change to the Constitution
An addition to the Constitution
What do we call the first 10 amendments to the Constitution?
Bill of Rights
What is one right or freedom from the first amendment?
Petition the Govt
How many amendments does the Constitution have?
What did the Declaration of Independence do?
Announced our Independence (from GB)
Declared our Independence (from GB)
Said the U.S. is free (from GB)
What are two rights from the Declaration of Independence?
Pursuit to Happiness
What is freedom of religion?
You can practice any religion or not practice religion.
What is the economic system in the U.S.?
What is the "rule of law"?
You must follow the law
Leaders must obey the law
Govt must obey the law
No one is above the law
Name one branch or part of the Govt
What stops one branch of Govt from becoming too powerful?
Checks and Balances
Separation of Powers
Who is in charge of the executive branch?
Who makes federal laws?
Senate and House of Rep.
(U.S. Or national) Legislature
What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?
House of Rep.
How many U.S. Senators are there?
We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?
Who is one of your State Senators now?
The house of rep. has how many members?
We elect a U.S. Rep. for how many years?
Name your U.S. Rep.
Who does the U.S. Senator represent?
All people of the state
Why do some states have more representatives than others?
We elect a president for how many years?
In what month do we vote for president?
What is the name of the U.S. President now?
Donald J. Trump
What is the name of the Vice President now?
If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
If both pres and Vice President cannot be president, who does?
Speaker of the House
Who is Commander in Chief of the Military?
Who signs bills to become laws?
Who vetoes bills?
What does the presidents cabinet do?
Advise the president
What are two Cabinet-level positions?
Secretary of Agriculture ▪ Secretary of Commerce ▪ Secretary of Defense ▪ Secretary of Education ▪ Secretary of Energy ▪ Secretary of Health and Human Services ▪ Secretary of Homeland Security ▪ Secretary of Housing and Urban Development ▪ Secretary of the Interior ▪ Secretary of Labor ▪ Secretary of State ▪ Secretary of Transportation ▪ Secretary of the Treasury ▪ Secretary of Veterans Affairs ▪ Attorney General ▪ Vice President
What does the Judicial Branch do?
Decides if law goes against the Constitution
What is the highest court in the United States?
How many justices are on the Supreme Court?
Who is the Chief Justice of the U.S.?
Under our Constitution, some power belongs to the federal Govt, what is one power of the federal Govt?
Create an Army
Under our Cons, some power belongs to the states. What's one power that belongs to the states?
Provide Schooling and Education
Provide Protection (Police)
Get a drivers license
Approve zoning and land use
Who is Governor of your state now?
What is the capital of your state?
What are the two major political parties in the U.S.?
Democrat and Republican
What is the political party of the president now?
What is the name of the Speaker of the House representative?
There are 4 amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.
Citizens 18 and older can vote
You don't have to pay a poll tax to vote
Any citizen can vote
A male citizen of any race can vote
What is one responsibility that is only for U.S. Citizens?
Serve on a jury
Vote in a federal election
Name one right only for U.S. Citizens
Vote for a federal election
Run for federal office
What are two right for anyone living in the U.S.?
Freedom of Expression
Freedom of Speech
Freedom of Assembly
Freedom to Petition the Govt
Freedom of Religion
Right to Bear Arms
What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?
The United States
What is one promise you make when you become a U.S. Citizen?
Give up loyalty to other countries
Defend the Constitution and the laws of the United States
Obey the laws of the United States
Serve in the Military (if needed)
Serve (do important work) for the nation (if needed)
Be loyal to the United States
How old do you have to be to vote for President?
What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?
Join a political party
Help with a campaign
Join a civic group
Join a community group
Give an elected official your opinion on an issue
Call senators and representatives
Publicly support or oppose an issue or policy
Run for office
Write to a newspaper
When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?
When must men register for Selective Service?
What is one reason colonists came to America?
Practice their religion
Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?
What group of people were taken to America and sold as slaves?
People from Africa
Why did the colonists fight the British?
British Army stayed in their houses
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?
July 4, 1776
There were 13 original States. Name three.
What happened at the constitutional convention?
Constitution was written
When was the Constitution written?
The Federal Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.
What is one thing Benjamin Franklin was famous for.
Oldest member of the Constitutional Convention
First Postmaster General of the U.S.
Writer of "Poor Richards Almanac"
Started the first free liberties
Who is the father of our country?
Who was our first president?
What territory did the U.S. buy from France in 1803?
Name on war fought in the 1800's.
War of 1812
Name the war between the north and the south.
Name one problem that led to the Civi War
What was one thing Abe Lincoln did?
Freed the slaves
Saved the Union
Led U.S. during the Civil War
What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
Freed the slaves
What did Susan B. Anthony do?
Fought for Women's rights.
Name one war fought in the 1900's
Who was President during WWI?
Who was President during the Great Depression and WWII?
Who did the U.S. fight in WWII?
Germany, Italy, Japan
Eisenhower was a General in what war?
Main concern during the Cold War?
What movement tried to end racial discrimination?
What did MLK Jr. do?
Fought for civil rights
What happened 9/11?
Name one Indian tribe in the U.S.
One of the longest rivers in the U.S.?
Ocean on the west coast?
Ocean on the east coast?
Name on US territory
One state that borders Canada?
One state that borders Mexico?
Where is the Statue of Liberty?
Why does the flag have 13 stripes?
13 original colonies
Why does the flag have 50 stars?
Start Spangled Banner
When is Independence Day?