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Flashcards in Citizenship Deck (99):
1

What is the supreme law of the land?

The Constitution

2

What does the Constitution do?

Sets up the Govt
Defines the Govt
Protects the rights of Americans

3

The idea of self govern is the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?

We the People

4

What is an amendment?

A change to the Constitution
An addition to the Constitution

5

What do we call the first 10 amendments to the Constitution?

Bill of Rights

6

What is one right or freedom from the first amendment?

Speech
Religion
Assembly
Press
Petition the Govt

7

How many amendments does the Constitution have?

27

8

What did the Declaration of Independence do?

Announced our Independence (from GB)
Declared our Independence (from GB)
Said the U.S. is free (from GB)

9

What are two rights from the Declaration of Independence?

Life
Liberty
Pursuit to Happiness

10

What is freedom of religion?

You can practice any religion or not practice religion.

11

What is the economic system in the U.S.?

Capitalism
Market Economy

12

What is the "rule of law"?

You must follow the law
Leaders must obey the law
Govt must obey the law
No one is above the law

13

Name one branch or part of the Govt

Congress
Legislative
President
Executive
The courts
Judicial

14

What stops one branch of Govt from becoming too powerful?

Checks and Balances
Separation of Powers

15

Who is in charge of the executive branch?

The President

16

Who makes federal laws?

Congress
Senate and House of Rep.
(U.S. Or national) Legislature

17

What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?

Senate
House of Rep.

18

How many U.S. Senators are there?

100

19

We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?

6

20

Who is one of your State Senators now?

Pat Roberts
Jerry Moran

21

The house of rep. has how many members?

435

22

We elect a U.S. Rep. for how many years?

2

23

Name your U.S. Rep.

Roger Marshall

24

Who does the U.S. Senator represent?

All people of the state

25

Why do some states have more representatives than others?

Population

26

We elect a president for how many years?

4-8 years

27

In what month do we vote for president?

November

28

What is the name of the U.S. President now?

Donald J. Trump

29

What is the name of the Vice President now?

Mike Pence

30

If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

Vice President

31

If both pres and Vice President cannot be president, who does?

Speaker of the House

32

Who is Commander in Chief of the Military?

President

33

Who signs bills to become laws?

President

34

Who vetoes bills?

President

35

What does the presidents cabinet do?

Advise the president

36

What are two Cabinet-level positions?

Secretary of Agriculture ▪ Secretary of Commerce ▪ Secretary of Defense ▪ Secretary of Education ▪ Secretary of Energy ▪ Secretary of Health and Human Services ▪ Secretary of Homeland Security ▪ Secretary of Housing and Urban Development ▪ Secretary of the Interior ▪ Secretary of Labor ▪ Secretary of State ▪ Secretary of Transportation ▪ Secretary of the Treasury ▪ Secretary of Veterans Affairs ▪ Attorney General ▪ Vice President

37

What does the Judicial Branch do?

Reviews Laws
Explains Laws
Resolves disputes
Decides if law goes against the Constitution

38

What is the highest court in the United States?

Supreme Court

39

How many justices are on the Supreme Court?

9

40

Who is the Chief Justice of the U.S.?

John Roberts

41

Under our Constitution, some power belongs to the federal Govt, what is one power of the federal Govt?

Print Money
Declare War
Create an Army
Make Treaties

42

Under our Cons, some power belongs to the states. What's one power that belongs to the states?

Provide Schooling and Education
Provide Protection (Police)
Provide Safety
Get a drivers license
Approve zoning and land use

43

Who is Governor of your state now?

Sam Brownback

44

What is the capital of your state?

Topeka

45

What are the two major political parties in the U.S.?

Democrat and Republican

46

What is the political party of the president now?

Republican

47

What is the name of the Speaker of the House representative?

Paul Ryan

48

There are 4 amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.

Citizens 18 and older can vote
You don't have to pay a poll tax to vote
Any citizen can vote
A male citizen of any race can vote

49

What is one responsibility that is only for U.S. Citizens?

Serve on a jury
Vote in a federal election

50

Name one right only for U.S. Citizens

Vote for a federal election
Run for federal office

51

What are two right for anyone living in the U.S.?

Freedom of Expression
Freedom of Speech
Freedom of Assembly
Freedom to Petition the Govt
Freedom of Religion
Right to Bear Arms

52

What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?

The United States
The Flag

53

What is one promise you make when you become a U.S. Citizen?

Give up loyalty to other countries
Defend the Constitution and the laws of the United States
Obey the laws of the United States
Serve in the Military (if needed)
Serve (do important work) for the nation (if needed)
Be loyal to the United States

54

How old do you have to be to vote for President?

18

55

What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?

Vote
Join a political party
Help with a campaign
Join a civic group
Join a community group
Give an elected official your opinion on an issue
Call senators and representatives
Publicly support or oppose an issue or policy
Run for office
Write to a newspaper

56

When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?

April 15

57

When must men register for Selective Service?

18
18-26

58

What is one reason colonists came to America?

Freedom
Political liberty
Religious freedom
Economic opportunity
Practice their religion
Escape persecution

59

Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?

American Indians
Native Americans

60

What group of people were taken to America and sold as slaves?

Africans
People from Africa

61

Why did the colonists fight the British?

High taxes
British Army stayed in their houses
No self-govt

62

Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

Thomas Jefferson

63

When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?

July 4, 1776

64

There were 13 original States. Name three.

New Hampshire
Massachusetts
Rhode Island
Connecticut
New York
New Jersey
Pennsylvania
Delaware
Maryland
Virginia
North Carolina
South Carolina
Georgia

65

What happened at the constitutional convention?

Constitution was written

66

When was the Constitution written?

1787

67

The Federal Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.

James Madison
Alexander Hamilton
John Jay
Publius

68

What is one thing Benjamin Franklin was famous for.

U.S. Diplomat
Oldest member of the Constitutional Convention
First Postmaster General of the U.S.
Writer of "Poor Richards Almanac"
Started the first free liberties

69

Who is the father of our country?

George Washington

70

Who was our first president?

George Washington

71

What territory did the U.S. buy from France in 1803?

Louisiana Purchase

72

Name on war fought in the 1800's.

War of 1812
Mexican-American War
Civil War
Spanish-American War

73

Name the war between the north and the south.

Civil War

74

Name one problem that led to the Civi War

Slavery
States rights
Economic Rights

75

What was one thing Abe Lincoln did?

Freed the slaves
Saved the Union
Led U.S. during the Civil War

76

What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?

Freed the slaves

77

What did Susan B. Anthony do?

Fought for Women's rights.

78

Name one war fought in the 1900's

WWI
WWII
Korean War
Vietnam War
Gulf War

79

Who was President during WWI?

Woodrow Wilson

80

Who was President during the Great Depression and WWII?

Franklin Roosevelt

81

Who did the U.S. fight in WWII?

Germany, Italy, Japan

82

Eisenhower was a General in what war?

WWII

83

Main concern during the Cold War?

Communism

84

What movement tried to end racial discrimination?

Civil Rights

85

What did MLK Jr. do?

Fought for civil rights

86

What happened 9/11?

Terrorist attack

87

Name one Indian tribe in the U.S.

Navajo
Cherokee
Pueblo

88

One of the longest rivers in the U.S.?

Missouri
Mississippi

89

Ocean on the west coast?

Pacific

90

Ocean on the east coast?

Atlantic

91

Name on US territory

Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands
Guam

92

One state that borders Canada?

Maine
New York
Alaska

93

One state that borders Mexico?

Texas
Arizona
California
New Mexico

94

Where is the Statue of Liberty?

New York

95

Why does the flag have 13 stripes?

13 original colonies

96

Why does the flag have 50 stars?

50 states

97

National Anthem?

Start Spangled Banner

98

When is Independence Day?

July 4

99

Two national holidays?

Christmas
Veterans Day
Memorial Day