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Flashcards in Citizenship Exam Deck (100):
1

What is the supreme law of the land

Constitution

2

What does the Constitution do?

▪ sets up the government
▪ deines the government
▪ protects basic rights of Americans

3

The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution.What are these words?

We the People

4

What is an amendment?

▪ a change (to the Constitution)
▪ an addition (to the Constitution)

5

What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?

The bill of rights

6

What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?

▪ speech
▪ religion
▪ assembly
▪ press
▪ petition the government

7

How many amendments does the Constitution have?

twenty-seven (27)

8

What did the Declaration of Independence do?

▪ announced our independence (from Great Britain)
▪ declared our independence (from Great Britain)
▪ said that the United States is free (from Great Britain)

9

What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?

▪ life
▪ liberty
▪ pursuit of happiness

10

What is freedom of religion?

▪ You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion

11

What is the economic system in the United States?

▪ capitalist economy
▪ market economy

12

What is the “rule of law”?

▪ Everyone must follow the law.
▪ Leaders must obey the law.
▪ Government must obey the law.
▪ No one is above the law

13

Name one branch or part of the government.

▪ Congress
▪ legislative
▪ President
▪ executive
▪ the courts
▪ judicial

14

What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?

▪ checks and balances
▪ separation of powers

15

Who is in charge of the executive branch?

▪ the President

16

Who makes federal laws?

▪ Congress
▪ Senate and House (of Representatives)
▪ (U.S. or national) legislature

17

What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?

the Senate and House (of Representatives)

18

How many U.S. Senators are there?

one hundred (100)

19

We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?

six (6)

20

Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators now?*

Jerry Moran (R)
Since 2011

Pat Roberts (R)
Since 1997

21

The House of Representatives has how many voting members?

▪ four hundred thirty-five (435)

22

We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?

▪ two (2)

23

Name your U.S. Representative.

Roger Marshall (R)
Since 2017

Lynn Jenkins (R)
Since 2009

Kevin Yoder (R)
Since 2011

24

Who does a U.S. Senator represent?

▪ all people of the state

25

Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?

▪ (because of) the state’s population
▪ (because) they have more people
▪ (because) some states have more people

26

We elect a President for how many years?

▪ four (4)

27

In what month do we vote for President?*

▪ November

28

What is the name of the President of the United States now?*

▪ Donald J. Trump
▪ Donald Trump
▪ Trump

29

What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?

▪ Michael R. Pence
▪ Mike Pence
▪ Pence

30

If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

▪ the Vice President

31

If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

▪ the Speaker of the House

32

Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?

▪ the President

33

Who signs bills to become laws?

▪ the President

34

Who vetoes bills?

▪ the President

35

What does the President’s Cabinet do?

▪ advises the President

36

What are two Cabinet-level positions?

▪ Secretary of Agriculture
▪ Secretary of Commerce
▪ Secretary of Defense
▪ Secretary of Education
▪ Secretary of Energy
▪ Secretary of Health and Human Services
▪ Secretary of Homeland Security
▪ Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
▪ Secretary of the Interior
▪ Secretary of Labor
▪ Secretary of State
▪ Secretary of Transportation
▪ Secretary of the Treasury
▪ Secretary of Veterans Affairs
▪ Attorney General
▪ Vice President

37

What does the judicial branch do?

▪ reviews laws
▪ explains laws
▪ resolves disputes (disagreements)
▪ decides if a law goes against the Constitution

38

What is the highest court in the United States?

▪ the Supreme Court

39

How many justices are on the Supreme Court?

▪ nine (9)

40

Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?

▪ John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)

41

Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal
government?

▪ to print money
▪ to declare war
▪ to create an army
▪ to make treaties

42

Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?

▪ provide schooling and education
▪ provide protection (police)
▪ provide safety (ire departments)
▪ give a driver’s license
▪ approve zoning and land use

43

Who is the Governor of your state now?

▪ Sam Brownback

44

What is the capital of your state?*

Topeka

45

What are the two major political parties in the United States?*

▪ Democratic and Republican

46

What is the political party of the President now?

Republican Party

47

What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?

▪ Paul D. Ryan
▪ (Paul) Ryan

48

There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.

▪ Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote).
▪ You don’t have to pay (a poll tax) to vote.
▪ Any citizen can vote. (Women and men can vote.)
▪ A male citizen of any race (can vote).

49

What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?*

▪ serve on a jury
▪ vote in a federal election

50

Name one right only for United States citizens.

▪ vote in a federal election
▪ run for federal ofice

51

What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?

▪ freedom of expression
▪ freedom of speech
▪ freedom of assembly
▪ freedom to petition the government
▪ freedom of religion
▪ the right to bear arms

52

What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?

▪ the United States
▪ the flag

53

What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?

▪ give up loyalty to other countries
▪ defend the Constitution and laws of the United States
▪ obey the laws of the United States
▪ serve in the U.S. military (if needed)
▪ serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed)
▪ be loyal to the United States

54

How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?*

▪ eighteen (18) and older

55

What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?

▪ vote
▪ join a political party
▪ help with a campaign
▪ join a civic group
▪ join a community group
▪ give an elected oficial your opinion on an issue
▪ call Senators and Representatives
▪ publicly support or oppose an issue or policy
▪ run for ofice
▪ write to a newspaper

56

When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?*

▪ April 15

57

When must all men register for the Selective Service?

▪ at age eighteen (18)
▪ between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26)

58

What is one reason colonists came to America?

▪ freedom
▪ political liberty
▪ religious freedom
▪ economic opportunity
▪ practice their religion
▪ escape persecution

59

Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?

▪ American Indians
▪ Native Americans

60

What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?

▪ Africans
▪ people from Africa

61

Why did the colonists fight the British?

▪ because of high taxes (taxation without representation) ▪ because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering)
▪ because they didn’t have self-government

62

Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

▪ (Thomas) Jefferson

63

When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?

▪ July 4, 1776

64

There were 13 original states. Name three.

▪ New Hampshire
▪ Massachusetts
▪ Rhode Island
▪ Connecticut
▪ New York
▪ New Jersey
▪ Pennsylvania
▪ Delaware
▪ Maryland
▪ Virginia
▪ North Carolina
▪ South Carolina
▪ Georgia

65

What happened at the Constitutional Convention?

▪ The Constitution was written.
▪ The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.

66

When was the Constitution written?

▪ 1787

67

The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.

▪ (James) Madison
▪ (Alexander) Hamilton
▪ (John) Jay
▪ Publius

68

What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?

▪ U.S. diplomat
▪ oldest member of the Constitutional Convention
▪ first Postmaster General of the United States
▪ writer of “Poor Richard’s Almanac”
▪ started the irst free libraries

69

Who is the “Father of Our Country”?

▪ (George) Washington

70

Who was the first president?

▪ (George) Washington

71

What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?

▪ the Louisiana Territory
▪ Louisiana

72

Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.

▪ War of 1812
▪ Mexican-American War
▪ Civil War
▪ Spanish-American War

73

Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.

▪ the Civil War
▪ the War between the States

74

Name one problem that led to the Civil War.

▪ slavery
▪ economic reasons
▪ states’ rights

75

What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?*

▪ freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation)
▪ saved (or preserved) the Union
▪ led the United States during the Civil War

76

What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?

▪ freed the slaves
▪ freed slaves in the Confederacy
▪ freed slaves in the Confederate states
▪ freed slaves in most Southern states

77

What did Susan B. Anthony do?

▪ fought for women’s rights
▪ fought for civil rights

78

Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.*

▪ World War I
▪ World War II
▪ Korean War
▪ Vietnam War
▪ (Persian) Gulf War

79

Who was President during World War I?

▪ (Woodrow) Wilson

80

Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?

▪ (Franklin) Roosevelt

81

Who did the United States fight in war world two.

▪ Japan, Germany, and Italy

82

Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?

▪ World War II

83

During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?

▪ Communism

84

What movement tried to end racial discrimination?

▪ civil rights (movement)

85

What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?*

▪ fought for civil rights
▪ worked for equality for all Americans

86

What major event happened on September 11, 2001, in the United States?

▪ Terrorists attacked the United States.

87

Name one American Indian tribe in the United States. [USCIS Oficers will be supplied with a list of federally recognized American Indian tribes.]

▪ Cherokee ▪ Navajo ▪ Sioux ▪ Chippewa ▪ Choctaw ▪ Pueblo ▪ Apache ▪ Iroquois ▪ Creek ▪ Blackfeet ▪ Seminole ▪ Cheyenne ▪ Arawak ▪ Shawnee ▪ Mohegan ▪ Huron ▪ Oneida ▪ Lakota ▪ Crow ▪ Teton ▪ Hopi ▪ Inuit

88

Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States.

▪ Missouri (River)
▪ Mississippi (River)

89

What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?

▪ Paciic (Ocean

90

What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?

▪ Atlantic (Ocean)

91

Name one U.S. territory.

▪ Puerto Rico
▪ U.S. Virgin Islands
▪ American Samoa
▪ Northern Mariana Islands
▪ Guam

92

Name one state that borders Canada.

▪ Maine
▪ New Hampshire
▪ Vermont
▪ New York
▪ Pennsylvania
▪ Ohio
▪ Michigan
▪ Minnesota
▪ North Dakota
▪ Montana
▪ Idaho
▪ Washington
▪ Alaska

93

Name one state that borders Mexico.

▪ California
▪ Arizona
▪ New Mexico
▪ Texas

94

What is the capital of the United States?*

▪ Washington, D.C.

95

Where is the Statue of Liberty?*

▪ New York (Harbor)
▪ Liberty Island

96

Why does the flag have 13 stripes?

▪ because there were 13 original colonies
▪ because the stripes represent the original colonies

97

Why does the lag have 50 stars?*

▪ because there is one star for each state
▪ because each star represents a state
▪ because there are 50 states

98

What is the name of the national anthem?

▪ The Star-Spangled Banner

99

When do we celebrate Independence Day?*

▪ July 4

100

Name two national U.S. holidays.

▪ New Year’s Day
▪ Martin Luther King, Jr. Day
▪ Presidents’ Day
▪ Memorial Day
▪ Independence Day
▪ Labor Day
▪ Columbus Day
▪ Veterans Day
▪ Thanksgiving
▪ Christmas