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Flashcards in Civics Final Deck (39):
0

What does WHO do?

It promotes world health

1

What does the UN do?

Promote peace amongst member nations

2

What does OPEC do?

It controls the production and price of oil

3

What does NATO do?

Collective security to member nations

4

What is the process of becoming a citizen?

Naturalization

5

How old do you have to be and how long do you have to live in the US to be naturalized?

18; 5

6

What did the case of TLO result in?

Students can be searched without a search warrant if there is reasonable suspicion

7

What did the case of Texas vs. Johnson result in?

Flag burning is allowed and considered symbolic free speech

8

What did the case of Miranda vs. Arizona result in?

You need to be read your rights

9

What did the case of Mapp vs. Ohio result in?

Evidence found in an illegal search cannot be used against you in court

10

What does the executive branch do?

Carry out laws, appoints judges and others, negotiates treaties, proposes laws, and he is the commander in chief

11

What does the legislative branch do?

Writes laws, confirms appointments, confirms treaties, handle budget as money, and declares war

12

What does the judicial branch do?

Interprets laws and reviews lower court decisions

13

How many representatives are there total? In Michigan? How long is their term?

435. 14. 2 year term.

14

How many senators are there in total? How many from each state? What is there term length?

100. 2. 6 years.

15

What is impeachment and what is the process?

Impeachment is to bring forth accusations or charges against a government official. The HOR charges them then the senate convicts them

16

What is judicial review?

The power of the judicial branch to rule things unconstitutional

17

What is a caucus?

The original method for selecting candidates. A meeting is held and any registered voter with that party may attend.

18

What is a primary?

Where registered voters participate in choosing the candidate for the party's nomination by voting through a secret ballot

19

Open primary vs. closed primary?

Open primary: you may vote in any primary.

Closed primary: you may vote only in one primary

20

What is the electoral college?

The process for electing the president and Vice President

21

How many electors does each state get? How many does Michigan have?

Each state gets at least 3. Michigan has 14

22

What is foreign policy?

Policy that deals with issues with other countries

23

What is domestic policy?

Policy that deals with issues within the United States

24

What are the three areas of focus for public policy?

Economic: taxes, jobs, and trade
Ideology: ideas, beliefs, and values
Security: safety and protection

25

What is public policy? Who makes it? Who influences it?

It is the stance government takes on an issue. Government. SIG's, lobbyists, and the public influence it

26

What are political parties?

Organized groups of people with shared goals, beliefs, or political views

27

What are the two main parties in the United States? What are their symbols? Which is liberal? Which is conservative?

Democrats-donkey-liberal
Republicans-elephant-conservative

28

What is a plank?

A party's stance on each individual issue

29

What is a lobbyist?

A person who is paid to influence policy

30

What are SIG's?

Special interest groups are groups formed to promote a belief or change

31

What is hard money? Soft money?

Hard money is given directly to the candidate while soft money is donated and unregulated

32

What is the United States?

A representative democracy

33

What were the founding fathers most concerned about?

One person or group getting too much power

34

What is the supremacy clause?

That the national government is above the states

35

What are enumerated, reserved, concurrent, and implied powers?

Enumerated: given to the federal government in the constitution.

Reserved: given to the state.

Concurrent: shared.

Implied: given through the necessary and proper clause

36

What does the fourth amendment have to do with?

The police must have a search warrant/probable cause to search you

37

What does the fifth amendment have to do with?

You can't be forced to witness against yourself

38

What does the sixth amendment have to do with?

The right to counsel, the right to know the accusations, the right to a speedy trial, the right to a fair jury, the right to confront witnesses