Flashcards in Civics Final Deck (39):
What does WHO do?
It promotes world health
What does the UN do?
Promote peace amongst member nations
What does OPEC do?
It controls the production and price of oil
What does NATO do?
Collective security to member nations
What is the process of becoming a citizen?
How old do you have to be and how long do you have to live in the US to be naturalized?
What did the case of TLO result in?
Students can be searched without a search warrant if there is reasonable suspicion
What did the case of Texas vs. Johnson result in?
Flag burning is allowed and considered symbolic free speech
What did the case of Miranda vs. Arizona result in?
You need to be read your rights
What did the case of Mapp vs. Ohio result in?
Evidence found in an illegal search cannot be used against you in court
What does the executive branch do?
Carry out laws, appoints judges and others, negotiates treaties, proposes laws, and he is the commander in chief
What does the legislative branch do?
Writes laws, confirms appointments, confirms treaties, handle budget as money, and declares war
What does the judicial branch do?
Interprets laws and reviews lower court decisions
How many representatives are there total? In Michigan? How long is their term?
435. 14. 2 year term.
How many senators are there in total? How many from each state? What is there term length?
100. 2. 6 years.
What is impeachment and what is the process?
Impeachment is to bring forth accusations or charges against a government official. The HOR charges them then the senate convicts them
What is judicial review?
The power of the judicial branch to rule things unconstitutional
What is a caucus?
The original method for selecting candidates. A meeting is held and any registered voter with that party may attend.
What is a primary?
Where registered voters participate in choosing the candidate for the party's nomination by voting through a secret ballot
Open primary vs. closed primary?
Open primary: you may vote in any primary.
Closed primary: you may vote only in one primary
What is the electoral college?
The process for electing the president and Vice President
How many electors does each state get? How many does Michigan have?
Each state gets at least 3. Michigan has 14
What is foreign policy?
Policy that deals with issues with other countries
What is domestic policy?
Policy that deals with issues within the United States
What are the three areas of focus for public policy?
Economic: taxes, jobs, and trade
Ideology: ideas, beliefs, and values
Security: safety and protection
What is public policy? Who makes it? Who influences it?
It is the stance government takes on an issue. Government. SIG's, lobbyists, and the public influence it
What are political parties?
Organized groups of people with shared goals, beliefs, or political views
What are the two main parties in the United States? What are their symbols? Which is liberal? Which is conservative?
What is a plank?
A party's stance on each individual issue
What is a lobbyist?
A person who is paid to influence policy
What are SIG's?
Special interest groups are groups formed to promote a belief or change
What is hard money? Soft money?
Hard money is given directly to the candidate while soft money is donated and unregulated
What is the United States?
A representative democracy
What were the founding fathers most concerned about?
One person or group getting too much power
What is the supremacy clause?
That the national government is above the states
What are enumerated, reserved, concurrent, and implied powers?
Enumerated: given to the federal government in the constitution.
Reserved: given to the state.
Implied: given through the necessary and proper clause
What does the fourth amendment have to do with?
The police must have a search warrant/probable cause to search you
What does the fifth amendment have to do with?
You can't be forced to witness against yourself