Claims: Systemic Disparate Treatment Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Claims: Systemic Disparate Treatment Deck (22):
1

When is systemic disparate treatment present?

When an employer discriminates against an entire class.

2

To establish a systemic disparate treatment claim, a plaintiff must show what?

Intent

3

What are the two methods of proving a systemic disparate treatment claim?

Facially discriminatory policy; or

Pattern/practice of discriminaiton.

4

When an employer has a formal policy of discrimination under a a systemic disparate treatment claim, what three statutory defenses may he offer?

Which is ADEA only?

Bona Fide Occupational Qualification (BFOQ)

Bona Fide Seniority System

Bona Fide Employee Benefit Plan (ADEA only)

5

True or false? The only way to avoid liability for a formal policy of discrimination under a systemic disparate treatment claim is to establish a statutory defense.

True

6

Describe what the BFOQ Defense says.

It is NOT unlawful for an employer to take action otherwise prohibited where age (ADEA) or sex, religion, or national origin (Title VII) is a bona fide occupational qualification REASONABLY NECESSARY to the normal operation of the particular business.

7

A BFOQ must be _______ ________ to the normal operation of the particular business

Reasonably necessary.

8

To prove a BFOQ for a formal policy of discrimination under a systemic disparate treatment claim, the Defendant must prove what two things?

Qualification is reasonably necessary to the normal operation of the particular business; and

[Religion, sex, national origin, or age] is a proxy for the qualification (2 ways to show)

9

A defendant can prove that a BFOQ for a formal policy of discrimination under a systemic disparate treatment claim is A PROXY FOR THE QUALIFICATION by showing one of these two things. . .

There is a reasonable cause to believe that all or substantially all of the persons in the class are unable to perform safely and efficiently duties of the job (i.e., reasonable to think that no one in the class can do the work); OR

Some employees in the class possess a trait precluding safe and efficient job performance, and it is practically impossible for the employer to deal with the class of employees on an individual basis.

10

A battery factory excludes women from dangerous jobs due to their fertility and concerns thereof. Is this an BFOQ? Explain.

No. The safety of third parties (i.e., potential children) is not an aspect of battery making, so no BFOQ.

11

A max security prison requires that all guards be men because the placement of female guards in prisons may create safety problems for the guards and inmates. BFOQ? Explain

Yes. The safety of inmates and guards is part of the job.

12

What does NOT count as a Bona Fide Seniority System defense under a systemic disparate treatment claim?

One that requires involuntary retirement due to age.

13

Which statutory defense to a systemic disparate treatment claim applies to ADEA only?

Bona Fide Employee Benefit Plan.

14

What is the plaintiff's prima face case in a systemic disparate treatment claim? In other words, what must plaintiff prove?

That the employer's standard operating procedure discriminates against a protected class.

15

In establishing a prima facie case in a systemic disparate treatment claim for Pattern or practice of discrim, the plaintiff may prove that the employer's standard operating procedure discriminates against a protected class in one of these three ways. . .

Statistics

Anecdotal Evidence

Historical Evidence.

16

When using statistics to prove a prima facie case in a systemic disparate treatment claim, the comparison groups must be correct in which two things?

Geographic space; AND

Skill

17

Once a plaintiff establishes a prima facie case in a systemic disparate treatment claim, the defendant has four options. They are

Challenge the factual basis of the plaintiff's prima facie case

Challenge the inference of discriminatory intent the statistics raise

Assert a statutory defense (BFOQ)

Effort to avoid disparate impact liability

18

Once a plaintiff establishes a prima facie case in a systemic disparate treatment claim, the defendant may assert the following defense:

An employer may engage in disparate treatment to avoid disparate impact liability ONLY when . . . .

The employer has a strong basis in evidence to believe that it will be subject to disparate impact liability IF it fails to take the action.

19

If an employer elects to engage in voluntary affirmative action, the plan must . . . (3)

Name of test?

Aim to remedy a manifest imbalance . . .

In traditionally segregated job categories, and . . .

Cannot unduly trammel the rights of disfavored groups

WEBER TEST

20

When can voluntary affirmative action be a LNDR under a claim of systemic disparate treatment?

When it meets the Weber Test, meaning it

Aims to remedy a manifest imbalance . . .

In traditionally segregated job categories, and

Does not unduly trammel the rights of disfavored groups

21

Once a defendant produces an LNDR of a voluntary affirmative action plan in a systemic disparate treatment claim, the plaintiff must prove what?

That the affirmative action plan is invalid by proving it does not meet the Weber Test

22

If a public employer is called to task for using a voluntary affirmative action plan in a systemic disparate treatment claim, what could he also be liable for?

An Equal Protection claim.