Flashcards in Clinical approach to dementia Deck (23):
What are the components of language examination?
Reading: oral and comprehension
What are the components of spontaneous speech?
Paraphasia (unintended syllables)
What is the difference between literal and verbal paraphasias?
Verbal: word substitution
Literal: sound substitution
What are the components of auditory comprehension?
Whole body commands
Syntax (order of doing things: you put your socks on before your shoes); being able to understand passive tense
What are the nonfluent aphasias?
Transcortical motor aphasia
Mixed transcortical aphasia
What are the fluent aphasias?
What are the symptoms of conduction aphasia?
What is conduction aphasia due to?
possibly a lesion in the arcuate fasiculus
What are the symptoms of wernicke's aphasia?
Can't point to the door, but when asked to go to the door (whole body command), he did it
What causes wernicke's aphasia?
Lesion in the posterior temporal lobe
What causes Broca's aphasia?
Posterior inferior frontal lesion
What are the symptoms of broca's aphasia?
Improves with singing
What are the symptoms of global aphasia?
No fluent speech
What lesions cause global aphasia?
Frontal, temporal, parietal lobes, including broca's and wernicke's
What are the symptoms of transcortical sensory aphasia?
What lesion causes transcortical sensory aphasia?
Posterior temporo-parieto-occipital junction sparing wernicke's
What are the symptoms of transcortical motor aphasia?
What lesions cause transcortical motor aphasia?
Frontal lobe sparing broca's
What are the symptoms of mixed transcortical aphasia?
What causes mixed transcortical aphasia?
Anterior and posterior association cortex lesions while sparing perisylvian language region
What are the symptoms of anomic aphasia?
What causes anomic aphasia?