Clinical terminology - Stems and Endings Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Clinical terminology - Stems and Endings Deck (120):
1

part of shoulder blade

acromi(o)-

2

gland

aden(o)-

3

air

aer(o)-

4

pain

alg(o)- / algia

5

male

andr(o)-

6

blood vessel

angei(o)-

7

joint / articulation

arthr(o)-

8

related to heart

cardi(o)-

9

head

cephal(o)-

10

lip

cheil(o)-

11

hand

chir(o)-

12

cartilage

chondr(o)-

13

large intestine

col(o)-

14

vagina

colp(o)- or kolp(o)-

15

cell

cyt(o)-

16

skin

dermat(o)-

17

brain

encephal(o)-

18

intestines

enter(o)-

19

stomach

gastr(o)-

20

old person

geront(o)-

21

toungue

gloss(o)-

22

jaw

gnath(o)-

23

knee

gonat(o)-

24

female

gynaec(o)-

25

blood

haem(o)- / haemat(o)-

26

tissue

hist(o)-

27

sleep

hypn(o)-

28

physician

iatr(o)-

29

milk

lact(o)- or galact(o)-

30

abdomen

lapar(o)-

31

fat

lip(o)-

32

stone

lith(o)-

33

word / speech / science

log(o)- or -logia, ae, f.

34

lymph

lymph(o)-

35

breast

mast(o)-

36

month

men(o)-

37

uterus

hyster(o)-

38

form

morph(o)-

39

muscle

myo(o)-

40

marrow

myel(o)-

41

kidney

nephr(o)-

42

nerve

neur(o)-

43

tooth

odont(o)-

44

tumour

onk(o)-

45

nail

onych(o)-

46

bone

oste(o)-

47

ear

ot(o)-

48

child

paed(o)-

49

disease

path(o)- or -pathia

50

vein

phleb(o)-

51

air / lung

pneum(o)- or pneumat(o)-

52

foot

pod(o)- or -podia, ae, f.

53

way / path

por(o)-

54

soul / psychic

psych(o)-

55

pus

py(o)-

56

nose

rhin(o)-

57

uterine tube

scalping(o)-

58

skeleton

scelet(o)-

59

spleen

splen(o)-

60

vertebra

spondyl(o)-

61

mouth

stomat(o)-

62

stomach

stomach(o)-

63

death

thanat(o)-

64

poison

toxic(o)-

65

nutrition

trop(o)- -trophia

66

urine

ur(o)-

67

pain

-algia, ae, f. (vena)

68

excision

-ectomia, ae, f. (vena)

69

result of graphical / physical examinaiton e.g sonographia --> sonogramma

-gramma, atis, n. (caput)

70

graphical / visual examination

-graphia, ae, f. (vena)

71

generic creation of nouns

-ia, ae. f.

72

unspecified non-inflammatory disease

-iasis, sis, f. (basis)

73

inflamation

-itis, itidis, f. (dolor)

74

pain (also used as stem)

-odynia, ae, f. (vena) -odyn-

75

unspecified disease

-pathia, ae, f. (vena)

76

cancer / swelling / thickening

-oma, omatis, n (caput)

77

plastic surgery

-plastica, ae, f. (vena)

78

rhythm

-rhytmia, ae, f. (-rhythmo-)

79

flow

-rrhoe, ae, f. (vena)

80

-scopy, visual examination

-scopia, ae, f. (vena)

81

cut, section

-tomia, ae, f. (vena)

82

general pupose ending for creation of adjecto

-us, a , um

83

general purpose ending for creation of nouns

-us, i, m.

84

create clinical terms for:

unspecified disease of gland
inflammation of the ear
inflammation of the stomach
menses (month + flow)
surgical removal of breast
unspecified disease of bones

stone in urinary tract (urinary stone non-inflammatory disease)

surgical intervention in abdomen
plastic surgery of nose

adenopathia, otitis, gastritis, menorrhea, mastectomia, osteopathia, urolithiasis, laparotomia, rhinoplastica

85

Create all the grammatical cases from following terms, translate the terms in Nom. Sg. to English:

angioplastica
neuralgia
colpitis
osteomyeloma
gastropathia
gerontopathia
dermatitis
odontopathia

angioplastica (surgical reconstruction of veins), angioplasticae, -ae, -arum

neuralgia (pain of nervous origin) , neuralgiae, -ae, -arum

colpitis (inflammation of vagina), colpitidis, colpitides, colpitidum

osteomyeloma (cancer of bone marrow), osteomyelomatis, osteomyelomata, osteomyelomatum

gastropathia (unspecified disease of stomach), gastropathiae, -ae, -arum

gerontopathia, (disease associated with old age), gerontopathiae, -ae, -arum

dermatitis (inflammation of skin), dermatitidis, dermtitidum

odontopathiae (non-specific disease of teeth), -ae, -arum

86

Change the adjectives in brackets (provided in Nom. Sg. m. form) to match the clinical term and translate to english:

nephrosis (chronicus)
neuraligiae (incipiens)
urolithiasium (acutus)
odontopathia (juvenilis)
osteomyelomatis (latens)

nephrosis chronica (chronic non-inflammatory disease of kidney)

neuralgiae incipientis (of beginning pain of nervous origin)

urolithiasium acutarum (of acute presences of stones in urinary tracts Gen. Pl. )

odontopathia juvenilis (juvenile non-specified pathology of teeth)

osteomyelomatis latentis (of hidden cancer of bone marrow)

87

Translate to latin using Greek clinical terminology wherever possible:

Chronic disease of teeth
acute inflammation of uterine tube
suspicion of non-inflammatory disease of cartilage
epidemic of chronic inflammation of liver
visual examination of urine
suspicion of congenital unspecified disease of heart

odontopathia chronica
salpingitis acuta
suspicio chondrosis
epidemia hapatitidis
uroscopia
suspicio cardiopathiae congenitae

88

short

brachy-

89

slow

brady-

90

green

chlor(o)-

91

blue

cyan(o)-

92

long

dolich(o)-

93

red

erythr(o)-

94

broad / wide

eury-

95

green

glauc(o)-

96

wet/moist

hygr(o)-

97

white

leuc(o)-

98

big / large

macr(o)-

99

soft

malac-

100

softening

-malacia, ae, f.

101

big / large

megal(o)-, mega-

102

enlargement

-megalia, ae, f.

103

black

melan(o)-

104

small

micr(o)-

105

flat

platy-

106

deficiancy

-poenia, ae, f.

107

grey

poli(o)-

108

hard / hardening / thickening

scler(o)-

109

narrow

sten(o)-

110

fast

tachy-

111

dry

xer(o)-

112

two

bi-

113

three

tri-

114

four

tetra-

115

five

penta-

116

sic

hexa-

117

seven

hepta-

118

eight

octo-

119

nine

ennea-

120

ten

deka-