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What role did air power play in world war 2

Air war

1

What did the Japanese do on December 7th 1941 at 7:55 am?

Bomed Perl Harbor

2

What was the only real break for America?

the enemy did not touch a single aircraft carrier of the US Pacific fleet

3

The attack was a true ___________ victory for the Japanese.

Aviation

4

When did the United States declare war on Japan?

December 8th 1941

5

Who were the allies of WWII?

Britain, France, United States, Soviet Union, China.

6

Who were the Axis?

Germany, Italy, Japan

7

What were the nazis responsible for?

Holocaust, or the mass murder of some six
million Jews, mostly in death camps

8

In 1941 Hillier ___________ Stalin and attract the _________.

Double- crossed and Soviet Union

9

What played a strategic role in determining the outcome of World War II at several points?

Air Power

10

What means designed to strike at
the sources of an enemy’s military,
economic, or political power?

Strategic

11

Germany began World War II using its ___________ —the German air force—in combination with ground troops

Luftwaffe

12

Britain’s air power put a stop to German air power in the ____________.

Battle of Britain

13

First, its ______ was superior to Germany's navy.

Royal Navy

14

Second, German aircraft weren’t equipped to fly the long distances needed to cross the ___________.

English Channel

15

What was on 6 June 1944 was a third punch delivered through air power

D-Day invasion

16

Air power was an essential element in that __________.

Battle

17

Finally, the _________ dropped on Japan in August 1945 ended the war in the Pacific

Atomic bombs

18

What had a much larger role in World War II than it did in World War I?

Air power

19

They also used _________ to try to break the will of the people—in fact, civilians were often targets

Air craft

20

What is a war conducted with great speed and force?

A blitzkrieg

21

what offense attempts to overwhelm its enemy

In a blitzkrieg

22

In a ________ blitzkrieg, the Luftwaffe would strike first

World War II

23

In __________ the United States and Britain used the same air policy at first.

Africa

24

It became clear that if the _______ didn’t change tactics, their huge losses would continue

Allies

25

So ___________ and then the US Army brought all their planes under centralized control

Britain’s Royal Air Force (RAF)

26

Something that is ______ involves military operations that are smaller, closer to base, and of less long-term significance than
strategic operations

tactical

27

Three point plan.


1)Air superiority
2)Interdiction, or the act of cutting
or destroying an enemy’s advance through firepower
3)Close ground support

28

The Allies relied heavily on long-range bombers to hit deep inside _________ and to destroy their ability to wage war

Germany and Japan

29

Who instructed his bombers to fly close together—he called it the combat box formation?

LeMay

30

By____ together, the gunners on the aircraft could more effectively protect against enemy fighters

sticking

31

Formation pattern bombing is what results when bombers fly in a _____________.

combat box formation

32

________ dropped from aircraft flying close together will land closer together and can have a big impact in a small area.

Bombs

33

Pilots flew what three key kinds of aircraft in World War II

the bomber, the fighter, and the transport

34

The _______ was the long- range bomber of the Pacific theater—designed for bombing runs over Japan.

B-29 Superfortress

35

Medium-range bombers included the __________.

B-25 Mitchell

36

Perhaps the most famous fighter was the __________.

North American P-51 Mustang

37

A _______ is a vehicle— aircraft, ship, or other— that carries people, supplies, tanks, and artillery

transport

38

What is the best-known air transport ?

C-47 Skytrain

39

What did Germany need to hit Britain effectively?

long-range

40

Germany made another big mistake—it didn’t count on ____________

British radar

41

For ____ months, bombers and fighters of the Army Air Forces and RAF had been striking at German positions in and around
Normandy

Two

42

What was a major turning point in the war?

D-Day invation

43

At the end of December 1944, the Germans made a desperate surprise counterattack in Belgium It is known as the ______________.

Battle of the Bulge

44

________ destroyed German air power

Effectively

45

______________ and ____________ put the brakes on the Japanese advance through the Pacific

The Battle of the Coral Sea and the Battle of Midway

46

What took place from 7 May to 8 May 1942?

The Battle of the Coral Sea

47

What what the first naval battle in history in which the opposing ships never saw each other?

Battle of the Coral Sea

48

what was the battle fought entirely by aircraft

Battle of the Corel sea

49

Who led 16 B-25 bombers over Japan

Lt Col Jimmy Doolittle

50

In February 1945 the bombers switched from explosive bombs to _________ —bombs designed to start fires

incendiary bombs

51

President ________ didn’t want to risk hundreds of thousands of US casualties— and the lives of millions of Japanese—on an invasion of Japan

Truman

52

So Truman asked the military to use its
newest weapon, the atomic bomb to force
the Japanese to _____________.

Surrender