Flashcards in Col Deck (53):
What role did air power play in world war 2
What did the Japanese do on December 7th 1941 at 7:55 am?
Bomed Perl Harbor
What was the only real break for America?
the enemy did not touch a single aircraft carrier of the US Pacific fleet
The attack was a true ___________ victory for the Japanese.
When did the United States declare war on Japan?
December 8th 1941
Who were the allies of WWII?
Britain, France, United States, Soviet Union, China.
Who were the Axis?
Germany, Italy, Japan
What were the nazis responsible for?
Holocaust, or the mass murder of some six
million Jews, mostly in death camps
In 1941 Hillier ___________ Stalin and attract the _________.
Double- crossed and Soviet Union
What played a strategic role in determining the outcome of World War II at several points?
What means designed to strike at
the sources of an enemy’s military,
economic, or political power?
Germany began World War II using its ___________ —the German air force—in combination with ground troops
Britain’s air power put a stop to German air power in the ____________.
Battle of Britain
First, its ______ was superior to Germany's navy.
Second, German aircraft weren’t equipped to fly the long distances needed to cross the ___________.
What was on 6 June 1944 was a third punch delivered through air power
Air power was an essential element in that __________.
Finally, the _________ dropped on Japan in August 1945 ended the war in the Pacific
What had a much larger role in World War II than it did in World War I?
They also used _________ to try to break the will of the people—in fact, civilians were often targets
What is a war conducted with great speed and force?
what offense attempts to overwhelm its enemy
In a blitzkrieg
In a ________ blitzkrieg, the Luftwaffe would strike first
World War II
In __________ the United States and Britain used the same air policy at first.
It became clear that if the _______ didn’t change tactics, their huge losses would continue
So ___________ and then the US Army brought all their planes under centralized control
Britain’s Royal Air Force (RAF)
Something that is ______ involves military operations that are smaller, closer to base, and of less long-term significance than
Three point plan.
2)Interdiction, or the act of cutting
or destroying an enemy’s advance through firepower
3)Close ground support
The Allies relied heavily on long-range bombers to hit deep inside _________ and to destroy their ability to wage war
Germany and Japan
Who instructed his bombers to fly close together—he called it the combat box formation?
By____ together, the gunners on the aircraft could more effectively protect against enemy fighters
Formation pattern bombing is what results when bombers fly in a _____________.
combat box formation
________ dropped from aircraft flying close together will land closer together and can have a big impact in a small area.
Pilots flew what three key kinds of aircraft in World War II
the bomber, the fighter, and the transport
The _______ was the long- range bomber of the Pacific theater—designed for bombing runs over Japan.
Medium-range bombers included the __________.
Perhaps the most famous fighter was the __________.
North American P-51 Mustang
A _______ is a vehicle— aircraft, ship, or other— that carries people, supplies, tanks, and artillery
What is the best-known air transport ?
What did Germany need to hit Britain effectively?
Germany made another big mistake—it didn’t count on ____________
For ____ months, bombers and fighters of the Army Air Forces and RAF had been striking at German positions in and around
What was a major turning point in the war?
At the end of December 1944, the Germans made a desperate surprise counterattack in Belgium It is known as the ______________.
Battle of the Bulge
________ destroyed German air power
______________ and ____________ put the brakes on the Japanese advance through the Pacific
The Battle of the Coral Sea and the Battle of Midway
What took place from 7 May to 8 May 1942?
The Battle of the Coral Sea
What what the first naval battle in history in which the opposing ships never saw each other?
Battle of the Coral Sea
what was the battle fought entirely by aircraft
Battle of the Corel sea
Who led 16 B-25 bombers over Japan
Lt Col Jimmy Doolittle
In February 1945 the bombers switched from explosive bombs to _________ —bombs designed to start fires
President ________ didn’t want to risk hundreds of thousands of US casualties— and the lives of millions of Japanese—on an invasion of Japan